Feeding Infants and Toddler Study (FITS)

 

The Nestlé Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) is the largest and most comprehensive dietary intake study focused on infants, toddlers and preschoolers in the U.S. Started in 2002 by Gerber and now conducted by the Nestlé Research Center in Lausanne, Switzerland, FITS has surveyed nearly 10,000 parents and caregivers over three studies to gain a better understanding of the food and nutrient intakes and related lifestyle behaviors among young children

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The Nestlé Feeding Infants and Toddlers Study (FITS) is the largest and most comprehensive dietary intake study focused on infants, toddlers and preschoolers in the U.S. Started in 2002 by Gerber and now conducted by the Nestlé Research Center in Lausanne, Switzerland, FITS has surveyed nearly 10,000 parents and caregivers over three studies to gain a better understanding of the food and nutrient intakes and related lifestyle behaviors among young children

FITS 2016 Highlights

 

Areas for improvement

Dietry iron

Nearly 1 in 5 (18%) infants 6–12 months fall short on dietary iron

Single serving of vegetables

More than 1/4 of children 6 to 48 months don't eat a single serving of vegetables on a given day

Sweet foods and sweetened beverages

90%

of 2–3 year olds consume sweet foods or sweetened beverages on a given day

Too much sodium

75%

of 1–3 year olds consume too much sodium

Drink cows milk

About 20% of 1–3 year olds don't drink cow's milk on a given day

 
Snacking

About 25% of little one’s daily calories come from snacking occasions

 

Successes

More mothers breastfeed

More mothers breastfeed, and for a longer duration compared to FITS 2002

Eat whole grains

More than 1/2 (59%) of 2–3 year olds eat whole grains on a given day

Eating fruit

Fewer infants drink 100% fruit juice since FITS 2008, with the same likelihood of eating fruit

More infants than ever in the 21st century are not getting enough iron1–3

 

Iron is a critical nutrient to support learning ability and brain development

Percentage of 6-12 month olds falling short on recommended iron intake*

 
0
5
10
15
20
2002
7.5%
2008
12%
2016
18%

*EAR for iron is 6.9 mg/day; includes iron from food, beverages, and dietary supplements

FITS 2002: Fox MK., et al., JADA 2004.
FITS 2008: Butte N., et al. and Siega-Riz AM., et al., JADA 2010.
FITS 2016: Bailey R., et al. and Roess A., et al., J of Nutr 2018.

Percentage of 6–12 month olds who eat iron-rich foods

 
0
20
40
60
80
100
2002
82%
5%
2008
65%
1%
2016
52%
3%

*EAR for iron is 6.9 mg/day; includes iron from food, beverages, and dietary supplements

FITS 2002: Fox MK., et al., JADA 2004.
FITS 2008: Butte N., et al. and Siega-Riz AM., et al., JADA 2010.
FITS 2016: Bailey R., et al. and Roess A., et al., J of Nutr 2018.

Beef
 
Infant cereal
 

Between 2002 and 2016, the dietary iron gap in 6-12 month olds has increased while iron-fortified cereal usage has decreased.

Iron Gap
Iron Gap Symbol

+10.5%

Iron Gap

 

10.5% more 6–12 month olds fall short on recommended iron intake

Cereal Usage
Cereal Usage Symbol

-30%

Cereal Usage

 

30% fewer 6–12 month olds eat infant cereal (82% consuming in 2002, 52% in 2016)

 
 
 
 
 
 

Only about 5% of 6–12 month olds eat beef, an excellent source of iron

Vegetable or fruit

 

Approximately 25–30% of children did not consume a distinct vegetable or fruit on the day of the survey

Percentage of children consuming vegetables on a given day

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Percentage of children consuming fruit on a given day

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Excludes vegetables and fruit consumed in mixed dishes
Roess, A., Dietz, W., J Nutr, in press.

Vegetables consumed

 

The variety of vegetables consumed shifts with the transition from baby food to table food

Can you select the top 5 vegetables consumed?

Game mobile version
FITS 2016: Roess, A., Dietz, W., et al., in press.
Top 5 vegetables consumed
Blue crown No.1
 
 
 
 
2
 
 
 
 
3
 
 
 
 
4
 
 
 
 
5
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FITS 2016: Roess, A., Dietz, W., et al., in press.
Drag and drop each item where you think they sit in the table opposite.
Brocolli
 
Baby food
Carrots
 
Carrots
 
Fried potatoes
 
Baby food
green beans
 
Green beans
 
Mashed potatoes
 
Baby Food
mixed vegetables
 
Mixed vegetables
 
Baby food
squash
 
Squash
 
Baby food
sweet potatoes
 
Sweet potatoes
 
Tomatoes/ Tomato sauce