Nutrition Topics

This page brings together all our content – articles, publications and videos – on each of the 10 key nutrition topics. You can select a topic to find the latest site content relating to that specialty, including links to other relevant journals and organizations that you may find interesting.

Sponsorship Disclosure: Many of the publications, programs, conferences, educational resources and other content available on this website have been funded and/or prepared by the Nestle Nutrition Institute or its Nestle affiliates.

Human Milk Oligosaccharides


Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMOs) are complex sugars that are available in human milk. They are the 3rd largest solid component in breast milk after fat and lactose and have no nutritive function.




Breast milk is a comprehensive source of energy and macronutrients, as well as bioactive micronutrients essential for the growth and development of an infant.


Growth & Development

Growth & Development (nutrition topics)

Early life events, including nutrition, play a powerful role in programming a person’s development, metabolism and health for the future. This section covers all aspects of the importance of maternal nutrition in the first 1000 days including nutrition in pregnancy, epigenetics, metabolic programming, breastfeeding, growth & cognitive development and a lot more.


Gut Microbiota

Gut Microbiota (nutrition topics)

Microbiota is the good (and bad bacteria) in your gut. Every human being carries about 1-2kg of gut microbiota representing a number of cells far bigger than all our body cells together. Here we provide the latest science on the relation between nutrition, gut microbiome, immune system and human health.



Obesity (nutrition topics)

Obesity is a growing concern worldwide. For the first time in modern history, the current generation is expected to have a shorter life expectancy than their parents, simply because of obesity and the associated increased risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Here you can access a wide range of content dealing with obesity management, metabolic syndrome, childhood obesity and more.



Allergies (nutrition topics)

The dramatic rise in infant immune diseases, most notably allergy, indicates the specific vulnerability of the immune system to early environmental changes. Early nutrition interventions can have a long lasting effect on childhood allergies. Here you can access information on all aspects of the subject including, proper timing of introduction of allergenic foods, cow’s milk protein allergy, food tolerance and more.



Malnutrition (nutrition topics)

Addressing malnutrition in all its forms represents an integrated agenda focusing on the root causes of malnutrition at all stages of the life course. In this section you will find material on the full range of malnutrition topics including childhood and elderly malnutrition, stunting, wasting, underweight, dysphagia as well as assessment and screening tools like the Mini Nutritional Assessment.


Low Birth Weight

Low Birth Weight (nutrition topics)

Premature, small for gestational age and low birth weight babies are an important public health concerns, especially in developing countries. This section covers the importance of using different nutrition approaches when managing low birth weight. It also brings extensive information on the nutritional requirements and adequate interventions recommended to ensure the best possible outcomes.


Nutrition, Health and Wellness

Nutrition, Health and Wellness (nutrition topics)

In this section you will find extensive research on the therapeutic role of diet, including resources for dietary guidelines and nutrition screening & assessment. We also cover requirements and recommendations for food safety, healthy eating, nutrients and hydration.


Nutrition & Disease Management

Nutrition & Disease Management (nutrition topics)

Malnutrition may be both a cause of disease, or may aggravate its status and prevent recovery. Therefore the delivery of treatment and proper nutrition must go hand in hand.

This section brings you information on nutritional care and disease with focus on enteral and parenteral nutrition, and nutrition support for a wide range of conditions such as infectious disease, cardiovascular disease, gastrointestinal diseases, metabolic syndrome and diabetes. It also includes the impact of nutrition on aging and frailty, critical care support post-surgery and oncology care.