Early Nutrition Influence – Preventive and Therapeutic Aspects

Editor(s): Mike Poßner.

At this NNI European Meeting 3 main chapters were discussed: Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (FGID), the influence of microbiome and nutrition and cognition.

FGID are not strictly a medical issue, but an important concern for parents, which generates a lot of visits to the practitioners. Topics such as the relevance of FGID in clinical practice, how probiotics can be used in their management and the impact of these disorders on quality of life of infants and their parents were presented.

What is new on microbiota and health was also discussed, approaching the role of microbiome on different diseases such as necrotizing enterocolitis and allergy. The role of Human Milk Oligosaccharides and new research on this field were included in this section as well.

Impact of early nutrition on brain outcomes on term and preterm infants were also topic of debate in this workshop.

Articles

FGID and the role of probiotics

Author(s): Iva Hojsak

For the functional abdominal pain disorders or pain-related FGID, we have four categories in the Rome IV criteria: functional dyspepsia, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), abdominal migraine and functional abdominal pain, now characterized as “not otherwise specified.” Here I would try to focus more on the children who were older than infant age, meaning toddlers and older children.

Age-appropriate microbiome maturation and the role of HMO

Author(s): Olga Sakwinska

Infant microbiota dynamically develops during the first weeks and months of life. Bacterial diversity generally increases with age, accompanied by changes in microbiota composition. Microbiota consists of numerous taxa; this complexity can be described as “microbiota types” where samples with similar microbiota composition are clustered using complex algorithms.

Modifying the Balance – What is the Role of the Gut Microbiome in Allergic Disease?

Author(s): Christina E. West

The immune system is a system of cells and tissues that protects us against invading pathogens. It must learn how to provide tolerance to “non-threats” such as food components, commensal microbiota and to the organism itself. So it must actually learn how to distinguish “harmless” from “dangerous” – and this is an active process.

Nutrition and Cognition in Term Infants

Author(s): Magnus Domellöf

The brain is the fastest-growing organ in young children. Furthermore, the brain develops very rapidly during the latter part of gestation and the first 2–3 years of life, and adequate nutrition is essential for the processes of neural proliferation, neural migration, axonal and dendrite growth and arborization, synapse formation and myelination.