Nutrition Publications

Here you will find freely downloadable publications on the latest nutrition topics, such as early infant nutrition, nutritional avenues to allergies, sports nutrition, and nutrition in disease states such as dysphagia or critical illness. All 3000 papers are organized across categories to make it easier for you to find specific information. If you are missing a reference you can also use our search function.

Sponsorship Disclosure: Many of the publications, programs, conferences, educational resources and other content available on this website have been funded and/or prepared by the Nestle Nutrition Institute or its Nestle affiliates.

Latest Publications

In Singapore, a set of consensus statements has been published to guide the practitioners on primary prevention of allergy in infants at risk. In this interview, Professor Hugo Van Bever, a paediatric allergist, shares insights from the evidence-based clinical practice guidelines and on the role of partially hydrolysed formula in the prevention of infants at risk of allergic diseases.

Proteins are an essential part of the daily diet. They are major functional and structural components of all body cells, and participate in virtually all biological processes.

Sustainable diets are intended to address the increasing health and environmental concerns related to food production and consumption. Although many candidates for sustainable diets have emerged, a consistent and joint environmental and health analysis of these diets has not been done at a regional level.

Today, 4600 kcal/day of food are harvested for every person on the planet; of these, only around 2000 kcal, on average, are eaten. European countries have approximately 3 times more food than required and the USA 4 times more food than needed. Data on calorie losses lacks information on dietary quality, and so it is not possible to know specifically which macro- and micronutrients were lost.

The confluence of population, economic development, and environmental pressures resulting from increased globalization and industrialization reveal an increasingly resource-constrained world in which predictions point to the need to do more with less and in a “better” way. The concept of sustainable diets presents an opportunity to successfully advance commitments to sustainable development and the elimination of poverty, food and nutrition insecurity, and poor health outcomes.

The first few years of life represent one of the most dynamic and critical time periods in brain development. By the age of 2, brain volume reaches about 80% of the adult brain volume. In addition to the rapid increase in brain size, critical brain functions also emerge during the first years of life and continue to mature into adulthood. While the “young brain” is relatively small when compared to the body, it has a “big appetite” for food, learning and sleep.

The importance of early nutrition for long-term health is becoming increasingly impressive. Nutrition is a decisive factor for growth and development, it influences the risk of life-threatening diseases and possible late damage. The situation of premature babies in particular reveals this connection like a magnifying glass. Latest research findings in this sensitive area provide indications of what measures could also be useful for mature babies. Following the discussions about protein, human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) have moved into the focus of science. After all, they appear to play a significant role in the positive effects of breast milk. The possibilities of supplementation with selected HMOs are still in their infancy, but the first results open up far-reaching perspectives for the future, while at the same time raising new questions.

Allergies, obesity and healthy nutrition remain essential topics of everyday paediatric practice. And it is precisely in these areas that the recent research has yielded significant new findings. The key points to be mentioned in this publication are cow‘s milk allergy and FPIES, protein reduction in infant formula, human milk oligosaccharides as well as malnutrition. One focus is on the first months of life. It is well known that nutrition in the first 1,000 days, but also during childhood and adolescence, has long-term consequences for a healthy outcome in later life.

Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) such as regurgitation, colic and functional constipation are very common during infancy. FGIDs are a frequent reason for pediatric consultations, with an estimation of 20-30% consultations during the first months of life being related to FGID.

Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are a group of complex carbohydrates that are highly abundant in human milk and contribute to shaping the infant’s gut microbiome and immune system for immediate and long-term health benefits. HMOs are the 3rd largest solid component of human milk and over 200 HMOs have been identified so far. 2’FL and LNnT are among the most studied HMOs with clinical evidence to support immunity and the developing microbiome, but latest research on additional HMOs show promise in expanded benefits on gut, immune, brain and bone health.