Proceedings of international conferences covering hot topics in nutrition and special scientific highlights.
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) refers to a transitional stage between normal aging and dementia. MCI is defined by an objective decline in cognitive functioning (using appropriate cognitive tests) that exceeds the expected level given the patient’s age and education. Such cognitive changes do not impair social functioning or activities of daily living.
Early Nutrition Influence – Preventive and Therapeutic Aspects – Proceedings from NNI KOL Meeting Zone EMENA 2019
The importance of early nutrition for long-term health is becoming increasingly impressive. Nutrition is a decisive factor for growth and development, it influences the risk of life-threatening diseases and possible late damage. The situation of premature babies in particular reveals this connection like a magnifying glass. Latest research findings in this sensitive area provide indications of what measures could also be useful for mature babies. Following the discussions about protein, human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) have moved into the focus of science. After all, they appear to play a significant role in the positive effects of breast milk. The possibilities of supplementation with selected HMOs are still in their infancy, but the first results open up far-reaching perspectives for the future, while at the same time raising new questions.
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are a group of complex carbohydrates that are highly abundant in human milk and contribute to shaping the infant’s gut microbiome and immune system for immediate and long-term health benefits. HMOs are the 3rd largest solid component of human milk and over 200 HMOs have been identified so far. 2’FL and LNnT are among the most studied HMOs with clinical evidence to support immunity and the developing microbiome, but latest research on additional HMOs show promise in expanded benefits on gut, immune, brain and bone health.
Nutrition during the first 1000 days of has a long-term effect on health and metabolic outcome. Preterm infants have high protein needs but in clinical practice it is often difficult to meet those high requirements.
The neonatal immune system has its specific modus operandi, which differs much from the adult one.
Nutrition is an important factor for early programming. The nutrient supplies to the fetus could initially be modulated by placental transfer with the mothers’ diet, being a “window of opportunity” to modulate the infant growth...
Controversies on the role of hydrolysed formulas in the prevention of allergy and management of cow’s milk protein allergy in infants
There are controversies surrounding the role of hydrolysed formulas (HF) in the prevention of allergy and management of cow’s milk protein allergy (CMPA) in infants.
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMO) are multifunctional breast milk components that shape the developing gut microbiota and influence the developing immune system. Supplementing specialty formulas for the management of CMPA with HMO offers a new way to shape the gut microbiome in infants with CMPA that for any reason cannot be breastfed.