Conference Proceedings

Proceedings of international conferences covering hot topics in nutrition and special scientific highlights.

Infants born very preterm or with a very low birth weight have a high risk of malnutrition, poor growth and poor health outcomes. Nutritional support is key for this infants, considering suboptimal nutrition of preterm infants has been associated with severe metabolic disturbances, sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis, osteopenia, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, retinopathy of prematurity and poor neurodevelopment.

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) refers to a transitional stage between normal aging and dementia. MCI is defined by an objective decline in cognitive functioning (using appropriate cognitive tests) that exceeds the expected level given the patient’s age and education. Such cognitive changes do not impair social functioning or activities of daily living.

The importance of early nutrition for long-term health is becoming increasingly impressive. Nutrition is a decisive factor for growth and development, it influences the risk of life-threatening diseases and possible late damage. The situation of premature babies in particular reveals this connection like a magnifying glass. Latest research findings in this sensitive area provide indications of what measures could also be useful for mature babies. Following the discussions about protein, human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) have moved into the focus of science. After all, they appear to play a significant role in the positive effects of breast milk. The possibilities of supplementation with selected HMOs are still in their infancy, but the first results open up far-reaching perspectives for the future, while at the same time raising new questions.