Nutrition and growth Yearbook 2020

Editor(s): Berthold Koletzko, Raanan Shamir, Dominique Turck, Moshe Phillip.

Children’s growth is a common concern to all health care providers treating neonates, infants, toddlers, children, and adolescents. Defining the best nutrition for healthy and active children as well as for those who suffer from acute or chronic disease, considering subgroups defined by age or other relevant determinants, is relevant to the child, his care givers, and to health care providers dealing with the pediatric age group. In the present Nutrition and Growth Yearbook, an international group of experts in nutrition, metabolism, gastroenterology, endocrinology, and auxology joined together to select for our readers some of the important manuscripts published between July 1, 2018, and June 30, 2019, dealing with issues related to children’s growth, especially those manuscripts that deal with the interaction between nutrition and growth.

Articles

Epigenetics, Nutrition, and Growth

Author(s): Berthold Koletzko

Both human growth and the response to diet, for example, the absorption and metabolism
of certain nutrients, are modulated by genetic variation. Although rare monogenetic
causes of obesity have been identified, the results of genome-wide association
studies have demonstrated only relatively modest effects on human growth, body
mass, and obesity risk.

Term and Preterm Infants

Author(s): Johannes B. van Goudoever, Dominique Turck

For term infants, the review addressed several issues. Five articles on infant formula
[1–5] are discussed. Three of them relate to the relationship between the composition/
consumption of infant formula and health outcomes later in life [1–3] ; 2 of them
review the evidence on the supplementation of beta-palmitate in infant formula [4]
and the role of hydrolyzed rice protein formulas in infant feeding [5] .

Cognition

Author(s): Carlo Agostoni, Silvia Bettocchi

This chapter includes articles published in the area of nutrition and cognition from July
1, 2018, up to June 30, 2019. Pregnancy, infancy, and early childhood are crucial periods
for neurodevelopment and are influenced by several factors.

Malnutrition and Catch-Up Growth during Childhood and Puberty

Author(s): Michal Yackobovitch-Gavan, Naama Fisch Shvalb, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta

Children in resource-poor settings are prone to malnutrition resulting from a suboptimal
nutrition and various environmental hindrances. According to the 2019 joint
report of UNICEF, WHO, and the World Bank on levels and trends in child malnutrition,
we are far from a world free of malnutrition. Indeed, global rates remain alarmingly
high.