Articles and Books
A collection of journal articles from leading nutrition publications available free of charge to NNI member.
The first year of life is a key phase in the development of the microbiome, with breastfeeding having the biggest influence in shaping the gut microbiome in early childhood.
Probiotics are live microorganisms, which when consumed in adequate amounts, confer a health effect on the host. One of the most well-researched probiotic stain is Bifidobacterium lactis, a probiotic bacterium found in the human gut, supported by strong clinical data in infants demonstrating its effects on gut colonisation, immune support, diarrhoea, and necrotising enterocolitis.
The gut microbiome is the totality of microorganisms – bacteria, viruses, protozoa and fungi – and their collective genetic material present in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT).
At the 90th Nestlé Nutrition Institute (NNI) Workshop on “Human Milk: Composition, Clinical Benefits and Future Opportunities, Professor Jose Saavedra* from NNI interviewed Professor Alan Lucas, Emeritus Professor of Paediatric Nutrition and Founder of the Child Nutrition Research Centre at the Institute of Child Health in London.
Food allergies affect around 240-550 million people worldwide. They are most common in infants and children. While in most cases, food allergies cause mild symptoms, some can cause severe reactions, and may even be life-threatening.
Complementary feeding patterns of Filipino infants and toddlers lack diversity, especially among children from poor households
Milk and rice were the main dietary components in all Filipino children, contributing up to 60% of energy in the infants from poorer households. Consumption of protein-containing foods and vegetables were typically lower in poorer households. Interventions are required to enable caregivers of young Filipino children to provide complementary foods of high nutritional quality, particularly among children from the poor households.
Contribution of Milk Beverages to Nutrient Adequacy of Young Children and Preschool Children in the Philippines
Around half of Filipino children 1-5 years old are not consuming any dairy products on a given day, which increases risk of inadequate nutrient intakes. Dietary modelling was applied to assess the nutritional impact of meeting dairy recommendations in reducing nutrient inadequacy. If all children would meet their dairy recommendations, theoretical reductions in population nutrient inadequacy would be seen for all micronutrients. Therefore, dairy consumption should be encouraged.
Comparison of different practical indices for assessing carbohydrate quality among carbohydrate-rich processed products in the US
Carbohydrate quality is critical for health, nevertheless validated and pragmatic metrics to define the quality of carbohydrate-rich products are not established. This paper investigated four different carbohydrate metrics based on the ratio between total carbohydrate and fibre and/or free sugars.