Nutrition Publications

Here you will find freely downloadable publications on the latest nutrition topics, such as early infant nutrition, nutritional avenues to allergies, sports nutrition, and nutrition in disease states such as dysphagia or critical illness. All 3000 papers are organized across categories to make it easier for you to find specific information. If you are missing a reference you can also use our search function.

Sponsorship Disclosure: Many of the publications, programs, conferences, educational resources and other content available on this website have been funded and/or prepared by the Nestle Nutrition Institute or its Nestle affiliates.

Latest Publications

The pandemic has made good nutrition more important, and also harder to achieve. Breastfeeding supports the infant immune system and has benefits for maternal mental health, but the pandemic has restricted support for new mothers and increased early termination of breastfeeding. Vaccination against COVID-19 has minimal impact on lactation or adverse impacts on infants, although an initial lack of clinical data has made many mothers hesitate to accept vaccination.

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, relapsing, inflammatory skin condition commonly seen in infants & children. Characterized by redness, scaling, oozing or crusting lesions, it usually presents in a typical morphological manner. It generally begins in early childhood and could be the initial step in the “atopic march”.

Peanut allergy is one of the most common food allergies among children in Western countries. In majority, the allergy persists until adulthood. A US database study found an increase in peanut allergy prevalence from 1.7% in 2001 to 5.2% in 2017. In Asia, the incidence of peanut allergy seems to be lower, with an estimated prevalence of 0.47%-0.64% in Singaporean school children. However, peanuts are fast becoming triggers in anaphylactic reactions in the region due to changes in dietary habits.

Allergies now affect more people than we think. About 1 in 3 children suffer from at least one allergy in developed countries alone. With the steady hike in cases of allergies and its different manifestations, we veer focus now to preventing allergies and lowering long term risks. In this edition of The Nest, we investigate the role nutrition plays in achieving better outcomes for allergy prevention.

The highest growth rates in weight and length occur during fetal life and in the first two years of life after birth and during adolescence. Nutrition is childhood is crucial for adequate growth and development, including adequate immune system functioning and brain development.

Throughout human history it has been known that adequate nutrition is crucial for normal child growth, and this has become a common concern to all child health care givers since at least the 19th century. Yet, the precise mechanisms underpinning the interaction between nutrition and growth have not been fully clarified. It is important, yet challenging, to define the best nutrition for healthy and active children as well as for those who suffer from acute or chronic disease, considering varying needs of different age groups.

Human milk composition changes dynamically during lactation, whereas infant formula composition is relatively static. This may contribute to growth/metabolic differences between breastfed and formula-fed infants. The aim of this study was to evaluate growth and metabolic outcomes in healthy term infants fed sequential formulas with age-adapted protein concentrations from birth to 12 months, in comparison to breastfed infants.

Breastmilk is abundant in structurally diverse HMOs. Scientific evidence shows HMOs have different biological functions important for a healthy development in early life. New research presents 12-month follow-up data from a study evaluating infant and follow-up formula containing a blend of 5 different HMOs, designed to represent some of the major HMOs found in breastmilk.

In the first published clinical trial using an innovative device to measure glycemic response to different feeding regimens in healthy infants, reports a lower-protein follow-on formula with 100% lactose complemented with infant cereal with whole grain and pulses promoted lower glycemic response along with lower insulin demand and less insulin secretion, which may have beneficial long-term effects on metabolic health.