Nutrients for executive function development and related brain connectivity in school-aged children
This paper reviews aspects of executive function that are developed throughout childhood and adolescence and how they have been shown to be predictive of academic achievement. The coordination of these complex processes is critically dependent on brain maturation and connectivity, including key neurodevelopmental processes like myelination and synaptogenesis. The authors review the research to date on the role of nutrition in executive function development. Among other factors, the paper highlights the influential effect of nutrition and diet, including the role of specific key nutrients on neurophysiologic and neurodevelopmental processes which may impact executive function performance in school-aged children, as well as discussing healthy and deficient populations.