The gut microbiota is an emerging target for improving brain health during ageing
The gut microbiota plays crucial roles in maintaining the health and homeostasis of its host throughout lifespan, including through its ability to impact brain function and regulate behaviour during ageing. Studies have shown that there are disparate rates of biologic ageing despite equivalencies in chronologic age, including in the development of neurodegenerative diseases, which suggests that environmental factors may play an important role in determining health outcomes in ageing. Recent evidence demonstrates that the gut microbiota may be a potential novel target to ameliorate symptoms of brain ageing and promote healthy cognition. This review highlights the current knowledge around the relationships between the gut microbiota and host brain ageing, including potential contributions to age-related neurodegenerative diseases. Furthermore, we assess key areas for which gut microbiota-based strategies may present as opportunities for intervention.
Keywords: Gut microbiome; brain ageing; microbiota-gut-brain axis; probiotics; cognition; neurodegeneration
Source: Boehme M., Guzzetta K.E., Wasén C., and Cox L.M. 2023. The gut microbiota is an emerging target for improving brain health during ageing. Gut Microbiome, 4, e2, 1–29. https://doi.org/10.1017/gmb.