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The scientists discovered a new gut bacteria, a novel strain of Bifidobacterium longum (B. longum), which is prevalent during the transition from infancy to early childhood. The discovery, published in the scientific journal Cell, contributes to the understanding of the infant gut microbiome and how it evolves during development. This work enables the identification of the next generation of nutritional solutions and promising probiotics to support children’s growth and development.

Research Highlights:
Breastfeeding women are found less likely to develop cardiovascular disease (CVD) events including coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and fatal CVD.
Previous research likewise showed that breastfeeding is associated with decreased risks of developing type 2 diabetes, breast and ovarian cancers.

The present review summarized the biogenesis and classification of hMOS, illustrated proposed mechanisms of action of hMOS at different stages of the SARS-CoV2 infection, and discussed challenges and opportunities for conducting research on hMOS for clinical applications against COVID-19.