HMOs in Breast Milk and Technologically Obtained HMOs, Where Do We Stand in 2023?

person Hania Szajewska
Topic(s): Gut Microbiota


Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMOs) occur in different structures with different functions in breastmilk. With the advances in research and technology, biotechnologically obtained HMOs or bio-HMOs are now being produced and supplemented in infant formula, and are a point of interest in randomized clinical trials to support the clinical relevance of specific bio-HMOs in formula-fed babies. This lecture by Prof. Hania Szajewska discusses updates regarding findings on naturally occuring HMOs, and bio-HMOs, its functions on immunity and cognition, and ways moving forward to address current gaps in these researches.