Micronutrients – all nutrients apart from protein fat and carbohydrates – can have a drastic impact on health and an important effect on growth, retinopathy of prematurity and brain development.
In this video, Lars Bode talks about the effects and protective mechanism of human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs).
Breast milk is the main factor associated with microbiome development up to 12 months of age.
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) have no nutritional value but support the infant’s immune system.
Bifidobacterium is the most represented bacterium in the gastrointestinal tract of term-born, breastfed infants.
Breast milk contains non-nutritive components whose impact on health outcomes we need to better understand.
NNIW96: Post-Discharge Nutrition: Breastfeeding, Complementary Foods, Eating Behavior And Feeding Problems
Preterm infants have a high need for nutrients due to a limited reserve and organ immaturity, which contributes to the challenges of achieving dietary intakes.
Nutrition, essential for healthy growth, is made up of good quality protein, energy to support protein synthesis, essential fatty acids and micronutrients, especially phosphate and calcium.