A healthy gut microbiome must be maintained for optimal health and immunity.
The dawn of transforming food systems towards healthier and affordable diets produced in a sustainable way
Ending malnutrition is one of the six ‘Action Areas’ within the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition 2016 - 2025. Transforming the food system to support healthy, sustainable diets is essential to achieving Millennium Development Goals 2 (zero hunger) and 12 (responsible consumption and production.
Even before COVID-19, prospects for achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for nutrition were bleak. Progress in areas such as poverty reduction and child mortality reduction has slowed, and COVID-19 has caused additional hardship. The problem is most concentrated in Africa and South East Asia.
Food production produces 25% of all global greenhouse gas emissions and covers 40% of ice and desert-free land. By 2050, the world population will require 100% more protein, with the hungriest populations concentrated in regions most susceptible to the impacts of climate change.
We face a global health paradox: 2.1 billion adults worldwide are overweight or obese, while 821 million people face hunger and malnutrition. In children, malnutrition can result in stunting, wasting, overweight and micronutrient deficiencies.
Sustainable Food Systems in a Healthy World: how do we move Forward in Addressing Malnutrition on a Global Scale
Many of the Millennium Development Goals are ‘wicked problems’ which require complex and systemic approaches to address them. The UNAIDS programme provides an example to follow in achieving progress through a multi-agency, multidisciplinary, locally responsive approach.
Prof. Cooper led through the different guideline recommendations. Concentrating on recent data on the use of paracetamol and the applicability and safety of oral NSAIDs, he summarized that there are quite similar AEs observed with paracetamol at standard doses and those with NSAIDs including an increasing incidence of mortality, and that all these drugs should be used judiciously in Osteoarthritis.
Prof. Henrotin, emphasized his mission to convince that the previous understanding of Osteoarthritis as a progressive wear-and-tear of cartilage due to ageing and an excess of mechanical stress has evolved to a complex disease process involving all tissues, inflammatory pathways and the immune system.