The Nest 45: Nutrition in Toddlerhood: Challenges and Opportunities

Editor(s): Maureen Black, Alison L. Eldridge and Elizabeth A. Offord, Mairead Kiely, Peter S.W Davies. / 45

Toddlerhood represents striking changes in children’s development. It is a period of a time of rapid cognitive, social-emotional, and physical development. Changing nutritional needs accompany these developmental milestones. This publication of The Nest brings together topics of great interest on the field of toddlers’ nutrition such as toddlers’ development and their nutritional needs and gaps, role of milk fortification and importance of adequate vitamin D intake and status at this stage of life. 



Toddler Development

Author(s): Maureen Black

Toddlerhood represents striking changes in children’s development with impact on their nutritional needs. As toddlers transition to family diet, they learn to self-feed, which helps them regulate their intake and develop a sense of independence. Neophobia and pickiness are common examples of toddlers' drive for autonomy and are, in most cases, transitional.

Vitamin D in Toddlers

Author(s): Mairead Kiely

Vitamin D has been identified as a risk nutrient for toddlers in many countries. National surveys, prospective cohorts, and dietary interventions studies have shown that fortification of foods consumed by toddlers is a safe and effective approach to increasing their vitamin D and status.


Milk as a Carrier of Fortification

Author(s): Peter S W Davies

Pre-school children, especially those in the 1- to 3-year bracket, are at risk of inadequate intakes of a number of important  vitamins and minerals, notably iron and vitamin D. Good evidence has been shown that fortified milk, including young child formulas, can significantly contribute to an appropriate nutrient intake at this important time at child’s growth and development.