NNIW07 - Nutritional Needs and Assessment of Normal Growth

Editor(s): M. Gracey, F. Falkner. vol. 07


Normal Fetal Growth Regulation: Nutritional Aspects

Author(s): A. Briend

To determine the mean fetal growth curve in the human species is theoreticallyimpossible; it would require a precise measurement of fetal weight in utero duringthe entire fetal life.

Nutrition for Healthy Neonates

Author(s): L.A. Barness

For many years, nutrition of the breastfed infant growing at a satisfactory ratehas been the standard against which nutritional requirements have been set. Whilerecognizing the importance of genetic, metabolic, and environmental influences inproducing significant differences, the notion of "adequate breastfeeding" has beensubjected to intensive study as carefully obtained data have revealed wide variationsin nutrient intake of some breastfed infants.

Nutritional Requirements of Low Birth Weight Infants

Author(s): J. Senterre, J. Rigo

Because of the rapid rate of anabolic processes and brain growth, no patientfaces a more critical need for optimal nutrition than the low birthweight (LBW)infant. Nutritional requirements of these infants, however, remain unclear.

Energy and Protein Intakes of Exclusively Breastfed Infants During the First Four Months of Life

Author(s): N.F. Butte, C. Garza

If the breastfed infant is to be upheld as the reference standard for infant feeding,more complete information is needed on nutrient intakes from human milk and onthe applicability of this "model" to nonbreastfed infants.

Human Lactation, Infant Feeding, and Growth: Secular Trends

Author(s): R.G. Whitehead, A.A. Paul

This chapter discusses food intakes, principally of dietary energy, in infants fedin various ways: exclusively from the breast, with breast milk plus supplementaryor complementary foods, and by artificial feeding.

Monitoring Growth

Author(s): F. Falkner

From the nutritional point of view, what is needed ideally to monitor growth ismethodology that is comparable nation to nation, sample to sample, and withinsuch groups or communities to show the distribution of good or malnutrition, andthe degree of the latter. Although perhaps trite, it is necessary to emphasize thatnutrition is not biochemistry or caloric intake.

Studies Of Growth Of Australian Infants

Author(s): M. Gracey, N.E. Hitchcock

There is disagreement about what is normal growth in infancy. This is animportant issue because "normal" growth charts are used extensively in clinicalpediatrics and in public health work to assess the nutritional status of individuals,groups, communities, and countries.

Environmental Factors Affecting Nutrition and Growth

Author(s): L. Mata

Epidemiologic studies in tropical and subtropical regions highlighted the interactionbetween malnutrition and infectious disease and its contribution to determiningmorbidity and mortality in developing countries.

Early Malnutrition, Growth, and Development

Author(s): A. Lechtig

A large segment of the world population lives on deficient protein-energy intakesand suffers from physical growth retardation, low psychological test performance,and a high prevalence of infant and preschool age mortality.