Editor(s): Denney L, Angeles-Agdeppa I, Capanzana MV, Toledo MB, Donohue J, Carriquiry A..
The 2013 National Nutrition Survey in the Philippines included 4218 children from 6 months to 4 years of age. Usual nutrient intakes were estimated from two 24-hour recalls. Intake of total fat (as a percentage of energy) and most micronutrients were highly inadequate. In fact, the percentage of children that fell below the Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) ranged from 60-90% for iron, calcium, vitamin C and zinc, and ranged from 30-50% below for vitamin A, B-vitamins (thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, B6) and phosphorus. Diets typically contained large amounts of refined rice and other foods low in nutrient density, which vegetables, fruits, meats and eggs made little contribution to daily intakes.
Denney L, Angeles-Agdeppa I, Capanzana MV, Toledo MB, Donohue J, Carriquiry A. Nutrient intakes and food sources of Filipino of infants, toddlers and young children are inadequate: findings from the National Nutrition Survey 2013. Nutrients. 2018; 10:1730. doi.org/10.3390/nu10111730