Food sources of energy and nutrients in infants, toddlers and young children from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012.

Editor(s): Denney L, Afeiche MC, Eldridge AL, Villalpando-Carrión S..

Dietary intake data were collected via 24 h recall in the 2012 Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT). Breast milk, infant formula, and cow’s milk were the top sources of energy and nutrients, especially in younger groups. Among infants aged 6–11.9 months, the top food sources of energy included soups and stews, cookies, fruit, tortillas, eggs and egg dishes, and traditional beverages. The same foods plus sweetened breads, dried beans, and sandwiches and tortas were the top food sources of energy among toddlers and young children. Milk, soups, and stews were the top contributors for all nutrients and tortillas, eggs, and egg dishes were among the top contributors for iron and zinc. Low nutrient-dense cookies, sweetened breads, and traditional beverages were among the core foods consumed early in life in Mexico. This compromises the intake of more nutritious foods such as vegetables and fortified cereals, and increases the risk of obesity.

Denney L, Afeiche MC, Eldridge AL, Villalpando-Carrión S.Food sources of energy and nutrients in infants, toddlers and young children from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012. Nutrients. 2017; 9:494; doi:10.3390/nu9050494