Early Nutrition Influence – Preventive and Therapeutic Aspects – Proceedings from NNI KOL Meeting Zone EMENA 2019

Editor(s): Mike Poßner.

The importance of early nutrition for long-term health is becoming increasingly impressive. Nutrition is a decisive factor for growth and development, it influences the risk of life-threatening diseases and possible late damage. The situation of premature babies in particular reveals this connection like a magnifying glass. Latest research findings in this sensitive area provide indications of what measures could also be useful for mature babies. Following the discussions about protein, human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) have moved into the focus of science. After all, they appear to play a significant role in the positive effects of breast milk. The possibilities of supplementation with selected HMOs are still in their infancy, but the first results open up far-reaching perspectives for the future, while at the same time raising new questions.

Articles

The potential of HMOs in neonatology

Author(s): Lars Bode

Unlike the milk of many other mammals, human milk contains a high amount of diverse complex sugars called human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs). The composition varies between women and, to a certain extent, changes over the course of lactation. Current research focuses on the maternal factors that drive HMO variation and aims to understand how HMO composition impacts immediate and long-term infant health and development.

NEHMO study – Real World Study to investigate the Growth and Feeding Tolerance of Infants Consuming a Formula Enriched with HMO

Author(s): José Manuel Moreno Villares

A real world study with an infant formula enriched with two HMO was done in Spain in 2018. The paper was presented at the last ESPGHAN meeting in June by Dr. Enriqueta Román Riechmann, who was the main researcher of the study. Here there are some of the
results of that NEHMO study.

The controversy around Vitamin D – Do we need to supplement beyond infancy?

Author(s): Clemens Kunz

Vitamin D is a key component for the growth and development of children and adolescents, influencing a multitude of functions. In Germany as well as in many other countries worldwide it has been recognized that there is a need for a higher vitamin D intake in all age groups, from infancy to older ages (Cashman et al. 2016, Kunz et al. 2018, Zittermann 2018).

The Impact of Nutrition on Early Brain Development

Author(s): Pascal Steiner

The ability of human to perform complex mental activities including thinking, reasoning, remembering, problem solving, decision making, and learning new information are possible thanks to the ability of the brain to alter its functional and structural organization as a result of experience which is referred to brain plasticity. Moreover, development and full maturation of such a formidable organ is thought to take more than 3 decades.

Vitamin D requirements in preterm infants

Author(s): Mairead Kiely

The role of the nutritional environment throughout early development in modulating later health outcomes is in the spotlight. As the evidence base guides both public policy development and clinical practice gui- dance, it is timely to consider the current state of the art on vitamin D requirements in infancy and in particular, in preterm infants.