Global Landscape of Malnutrition in Infants and Young Children
Malnutrition during the first years of life has immediate adverse health consequences and impairs long-term health and capacities . Children born small and those who become undernourished in early life are at higher risk of dying and are more susceptible to illness. Poor linear growth – stunting is associated with several physical and cognitive con- sequences and affects over 150 million children worldwide, one-third of whom live in India. Over 50 million children are wasted, half of whom live in South Asia, yet 5.4 million of the world’s 38.3 million overweight or obese children also live in South Asia. There is growing evidence that overweight in early life may be associated with the risk of noncommunicable diseases later in life.