In the womb, babies get all they need from their mother’s body. An inadequate maternal diet can consequently lead to many nutritional risks for maternal and child health.
The microbiota is a dynamic community that evolves through the lifetime of an individual, being influenced by multiple factors.
Early feeding with cow's milk protein hydrolysates may be one strategy to reduce the incidence of atopic dermatitis in children.
Vitamin D is an essential nutrient, supporting bone health and vital functions such as the immune system from conception through childhood and into adulthood. Few foods naturally contain vitamin D.. Individuals who do not have sufficient sun exposure, especially infants, require supplemental vitamin D from fortified foods or supplements.
Carbohydrates are formed of 1 or more monosaccharides. All sugars are classed as carbohydrates, but not all carbohydrates are sugars. Terminology of “free/added” sugars can vary from country to country.
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) are bio-active components in human milk partially responsible for the protective effect offered by human milk. HMOs representing the three main groups of HMOs in human milk contribute to infants’ defenses and healthy development in different ways, shown in experimental, pre-clinical, observational and clinical studies.
Human milk oligosaccharides are a family of diverse structures which are classified into three main groups. Major HMOs of these groups support the development of a healthy immunity, shown by experimental, pre-clinical, observational and clinical studies.
By 2050, the global population will increase 20%. To feed this huge population, food production will have to more than double. Considering the current food system and diet standards, there will not be enough land on the planet to produce enough food for the population. Plant-based diets with fewer animal source foods commonly provides more fiber and less saturated fat and confers both improved health and environmental benefits. However, indiscriminate recommendations to increase plant-based foods may lead to unintended dietary consequences. Is therefore important to equally consider nutrition and environmental impact of any dietary shifts.