生命早期1000天国内外指南文献精选

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孕期营养精选文献推荐

  文献列表——孕期营养

孕期是生命早期1 000天机遇窗口期的起始阶段,营养是最重要的环境因素,改善营养状况并建立健康的饮食习惯,对母子双方的近期和远期健康都将产生至关重要的影响。  

1.中国营养学会膳食指南修订专家委员会妇幼人群膳食指南修订专家工作组.孕期妇女膳食指南.中华围产医学杂志.2016;19(9):641-48.

2.中华医学会妇产科分会产科学组.孕前和孕期保健指南(2018).中华妇产科杂志.2018;53(1):7-13.

3.World Health Organization.WHO recommendations on antenatal care for a positive pregnancy experience[C].Geneva:WHO,2016:1-172.

4.Hanson MA, Bardsley A, De-Regil LM,et al.The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) recommendations on adolescent, preconception, and maternal nutrition: “Think Nutrition First”.Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2015;131 Suppl 4:S213-53.

5.American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.Nutrition During Pregnancy.2015;FAQ001

6.The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.Obesity in Pregnancy.Obstet Gynecol.2015;26(6):e112-126.

7.Duarte-Gardea MO, Gonzales-Pacheco DM, Reader DM, et al.Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Gestational Diabetes Evidence-Based Nutrition Practice Guideline.J Acad Nutr Diet. 2018. pii: S2212-2672(18)30365-4.

8.Hod M, Kapur A, Sacks DA, et al.The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) Initiative on gestational diabetes mellitus: A pragmatic guide for diagnosis, management, and care.Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2015 Oct;131 Suppl 3:S173-211.

9.中华医学会糖尿病学分会.中国糖尿病医学营养治疗指南(2013).中华糖尿病杂志.2015;7(2):73-88.

10.中华医学会妇产科学分会产科学组.妊娠合并糖尿病诊治指南(2014).中华妇产科杂志.2014;49(9):561-9.

11.Leung AM, Pearce EN, Braverman LE,et al.AAP Recommendations on Iodine Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation.Pediatrics. 2014 Oct;134(4):e1282.

母乳喂养精选文献推荐

文献列表——母乳喂养

6月龄内和7 ~ 24月龄婴幼儿分别处于1 000天机遇窗口期的第二和第三个阶段,营养作为最主要的环境因素对其生长发育和后续健康持续产生至关重要的影响。母乳是婴儿最理想的食物,可提供优质、全面、充足和结构适宜的营养素,满足婴儿生长发育的需要,使婴儿获得最佳的、健康的生长速率,从而为一生的健康奠定基础。雀巢在中国联合北京大学公共卫生学院开展的“明研究”揭示了母乳的营养成分,也证实了母乳喂养的益处。母乳喂养是为婴幼儿提供健康成长和发育所需营养的理想方式,是确保儿童健康和生存的最有效措施之一。为此,我国参考WHO的相关建议,提倡在婴儿出生后6个月内进行纯母乳喂养,并继续母乳喂养至2岁或更长时间。AAP也建议纯母乳喂养6个月,并继续母乳喂养至1岁或者更长时间。

1.Meek JY, Hatcher AJ; SECTION ON BREASTFEEDING.The Breastfeeding-Friendly Pediatric Office Practice.Pediatrics. 2017 May;139(5). pii: e20170647.

2.中华医学会儿科学分会儿童保健学组.母乳喂养促进策略指南(2018版).中华儿科杂志.2018;56(4):261-6.

3.中国营养学会膳食指南修订专家委员会妇幼人群指南修订专家工作组.6 月龄内婴儿母乳喂养指南.临床儿科杂志.2016;34(4):287-91.

4.中国营养学会膳食指南修订专家委员会妇幼人群指南修订专家工作组.7 ~ 24 月龄婴幼儿喂养指南.临床儿科杂志.2016;34(5):381-7.

5.American Academy of Pediatrics.POLICY STATEMENT:Breastfeeding and the Use of Human Milk.Pediatrics 2012;129:e827–e841.

6.ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition.Breast-feeding: A commentary by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition.J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2009 Jul;49(1):112-25.

7.US Preventive Services Task Force.Primary Care Interventions to Support Breastfeeding: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.JAMA. 2016 Oct 25;316(16):1688-1693.

8.WHO.GUIDELINE:Protecting, promoting and supporting BREASTFEEDING IN FACILITIES providing maternity and newborn services.2017.

9.Horta BL,Victora CG.Short-term effects of breastfeeding:A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW ON THE BENEFITS OF BREASTFEEDING ON DIARRHOEA AND PNEUMONIA MORTALITY.WHO.2013.

10.Horta BL,Victora CG.Long-term effects of breastfeeding:A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW.WHO.2013.


人工喂养精选文献推荐

文献列表——人工喂养

母乳喂养是婴儿喂养的最佳方式,但当母亲由于各种原因不能进行母乳喂养时,可选择婴儿配方奶作为母乳替代品。ESPGHAN发布的《婴幼儿配方粉成分的全球标准》指出,婴儿配方粉在营养学上的安全性和充足性需要经过科学的证明,证实其能支持婴儿的正常生长和发育。营养良好乳母的乳汁组成成分是婴儿配方粉成分的指南,但单凭主要营养成分的相似度来评价婴儿配方粉的安全性和营养价值是不够的,婴儿配方粉的成分是否合理应该通过观测配方粉喂养儿的体格生长、生化指标和功能指标,并与健康的纯母乳喂养儿进行比较来判断。

1.Koletzko B, Baker S, Cleghorn G, et al.Global standard for the composition of infant formula: recommendations of an ESPGHAN coordinated international expert group.J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2005 Nov;41(5):584-99.

2.Scientific Opinion on the essential composition of infant and follow-on formulae.EFSA J.2014;12(7):3760.

3.Scientific Opinion on nutrient requirements and dietary intakes of infants and young children in the European Union.EFSA J.2013;11(10):3408.

4.Outcome of a public consultation on a draft scientific opinion on the safety and suitability for use by infants of follow-on formulae with a protein content of at least 1.6 g/100 kcal.EFSA.2017:EN-1215.

5.http://www.sda.gov.cn/directory/web/WS01/images/Q09ERVggU1RBTiA3Mi0xOTgxINOktvnF5Le9vLDM2Mri0r3Tw9OktvnF5Le9yrPGt7Hq17wucGRm.pdf

6.FDA婴儿配方食品标准.https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/cfrsearch.cfm?fr=107.100

7.澳大利亚食品标准-婴儿配方食品标准.https://www.legislation.gov.au/Details/F2017C00332

8.中国婴儿配方食品的食品安全国家标准.GB 10765-2010.http://www.nhfpc.gov.cn/zwgkzt/psp/201005/47402/files/bc25275055b04aac83f5b7911ad249c4.pdf

9.Braegger C, Chmielewska A, Decsi T, et al.Supplementation of infant formula with probiotics and/or prebiotics: a systematic review and comment by the ESPGHAN committee on nutrition.J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2011 Feb;52(2):238-50.

10.Hojsak I, Bronsky J, Campoy C, et al.Young Child Formula: A Position Paper by the ESPGHAN Committee on Nutrition.J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2018 Jan;66(1):177-185.

辅食添加精选文献推荐

文献列表——辅食添加

关于辅食的定义,各国指南略有不同(表1),WHO和AAP将婴儿配方奶和成长奶粉定义为辅食,然而很多婴儿出生后几周内就接受母乳替代品喂养,因此ESPGHAN和我国指南建议辅食应指母乳或配方奶以外的任何食物或液体。 

1.中国营养学会膳食指南修订专家委员会妇幼人群指南修订专家工作组.7 ~ 24 月龄婴幼儿喂养指南.临床儿科杂志.2016;34(5):381-7.

2.Fewtrell M, Bronsky J, Campoy C, et al.Complementary Feeding: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition.J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2017 Jan;64(1):119-132.

3.Complementary Feeding Family foods for breasged children.WHO.2000.

4.American Academy of Pediatrics.POLICY STATEMENT:Breastfeeding and the Use of Human Milk.Pediatrics 2012;129:e827–e841.

5.临床儿科营养第2版.王卫平主译.北京:人民卫生出版社.2016

6.Guiding principles for complementary feeding of the breastfed child.Pan American Health Organization, Washington, DC 2003.

早产儿营养精选文献推荐

文献列表——早产儿营养

早产、低出生体重儿在婴儿和儿童期是生长迟缓、感染性疾病和发育落后的高风险人群,是5岁以下儿童死亡的主要原因。早产儿营养支持有助于改善早产儿的近、远期预后,营养管理已成为提高早产儿生命质量的重要工作之一。早产儿营养支持需要克服其最重要的生理限制:肠道发育不成熟。因此,在早期和出生后的前几周应使用肠外营养。尽管营养需求由肠外营养提供,但仍需要给予小剂量肠内营养来促进肠道成熟。母乳是最安全有效的促进肠道成熟的营养物。随着肠道日益成熟,可逐渐从肠外营养过渡到肠内营养,直至通过完全肠内营养来维持正常的生长发育。 

1.Moro GE, Arslanoglu S, Bertino E, et al.XII. Human Milk in Feeding Premature Infants: Consensus Statement.J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2015 Sep;61 Suppl 1:S16-9.

2.The American Academy of Pediatrics.POLICY STATEMENT:Breastfeeding and the use of human milk.Pediatrics. 2012 Mar;129(3):e827-41.

3.Dutta S, Singh B, Chessell L,et al.Guidelines for feeding very low birth weight infants.Nutrients. 2015 Jan 8;7(1):423-42.

4.Kumar RK, Singhal A, Vaidya U,et al.Optimizing Nutrition in Preterm Low Birth Weight Infants-Consensus Summary.Front Nutr. 2017 May 26;4:20.

5.中国医师协会新生儿科医师分会营养专业委员会.新生儿重症监护病房推行早产儿母乳喂养的建议.中华儿科杂志.2016;54(1):13-16.

6.中华医学会肠外肠内营养学分会儿科学组.中国新生儿营养支持临床应用指南.中华小儿外科杂志.2013;34(10):782-787.

7.早产儿母乳喂养.童笑梅,封志纯主编.北京:人民卫生出版社.2017.

8.Agostoni C, Buonocore G, Carnielli VP,et al.Enteral nutrient supply for preterm infants: commentary from the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Committee on Nutrition.J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2010 Jan;50(1):85-91.

9.中华医学会儿科学分会儿童保健学组.早产、低出生体重儿出院后喂养建议.中华儿科杂志.2016;54(1):6-12.

 

牛奶过敏精选指南推荐

文献列表——牛奶过敏

食物过敏,特别是牛奶蛋白过敏(CMPA)已成为世界范围内的公共卫生问题,增加了家庭和社会的负担。因诊断方法及流行病学调查设计不同,世界各国的CMPA患病率报道不一。 

1.中华医学会儿科学分会消化学组.食物过敏相关消化道疾病诊断与管理专家共识.中华儿科杂志.2017.55(7):487-492.

2.中华医学会儿科学分会免疫学组/儿童保健组/消化学组.中国婴幼儿牛奶蛋白过敏诊治循证建议.中华儿科杂志.2013.51(3):183-186.

3.Venter C, Brown T, Meyer R,et al.Better recognition, diagnosis and management of non-IgE-mediated cow’s milk allergy in infancy:iMAP-an international interpretation of the MAP (Milk Allergy in Primary Care) guideline.Clin Transl Allergy. 2017 Aug 23;7:26.

4.Muraro A, Werfel T, Hoffmann-Sommergruber K,et al.EAACI food allergy and anaphylaxis guidelines: diagnosis and management of food allergy.Allergy. 2014 Aug;69(8):1008-25.

5.Luyt D, Ball H, Makwana N, et al.BSACI Guideline for the Diagnosis and Management of Cow’s Milk Allergy.Clin Exp Allergy. 2014;44(5):642-72.

6.Koletzko S, Niggemann B, Arato A, et al.Diagnostic Approach and Management of Cow’s-Milk Protein Allergy in Infants and Children:ESPGHAN GI Committee practical guidelines.J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2012 Aug;55(2):221-9.

7.Fiocchi A, Brozek J, Schünemann H,et al.World Allergy Organization (WAO) Diagnosis and Rationale for Action against Cows Milk Allergy (DRACMA) Guidelines.World Allergy Organ J. 2010 Apr;3(4):57-161.

益生菌的应用精选文献推荐

文献列表——益生菌的应用

近年来,肠道微生物群在宿主生理和疾病过程中的作用被广为研究。肠道微生物群与人体健康息息相关,不仅可促进宿主的生长发育、参与物质代谢、营养转化和合成,还可构建防止外袭菌入侵的生物屏障,作为抗原刺激物使宿主产生免疫,且肠道微生物群刺激肠道免疫系统的发育这一作用具有年龄依赖性,在生命早期尤其重要。 

1.中华预防医学会微生态学分会儿科学组.益生菌儿科临床应用循证指南.中国实用儿科杂志.2017,32(2):81-89.

2.Guarner F,Sanders ME,Eliakim R,et al.World Gastroenterology Organisation Global Guidelines:Probiotics and prebiotics.February 2017.

3.Yale/Harvard Workshop.Recommendations for Probiotic Use-2015 Update: Proceedings and Consensus Opinion.J Clin Gastroenterol. 2015,49:S69-S73.

4.Cuello-Garcia CA, Fiocchi A, Pawankar R,et al.World Allergy Organization-McMaster University Guidelines for Allergic Disease Prevention (GLAD-P): Prebiotics.World Allergy Organ J. 2016 Mar 1;9:10.

5.Guarino A, Ashkenazi S, Gendrel D,et al.European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition/European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases Evidence-based Guidelines for the Management of Acute Gastroenteritis in Children in Europe: Update 2014.J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr. 2014 Jul;59(1):132-52.

6.Thomas DW, Greer FR,American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Nutrition,American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition. Clinical Report—Probiotics and Prebiotics in Pediatrics.Pediatrics. 2010 Dec;126(6):1217-31.

7.郑跃杰主编.婴幼儿肠道菌群和益生菌新进展.北京:人民卫生出版社.2017