NNI Newsletter Sep Oct 2014 - Nestle Nutrition Institute India

Editor(s): NNI Newsletter Vol.3 / 2,  2014

Summary

The featured article in this issue of newsletter focuses on nutritional management of diarrhea. Diarrhea remains the second leading cause of death globally among children aged <5 years, accounting for nearly one in five child deaths. Use of low-lactose diets in addition to oral rehydration therapy and other important nutrients like zinc and vitamin help in nutritional management of diarrhea. The article on maternal nutrition discusses about maternal malnutrition and its effect on immunity of the child. Micronutrients like zinc, choline, folate, vitamin A, B and E have a major role in the development of the immune system. Recently, probiotics have been found to demonstrate beneficial effects in modulating immune response of infants. The Emerging Science article talks about lactose intolerance and its dietary management. A careful diet planning can ensure optimal health and nutrition for children with lactose intolerance and help them enjoy their childhood. The case study discusses role of nutrition management in a patient diagnosed with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus, with nephropathy, level R2 retinopathy and neuropathy and uncontrolled hypertension, obesity and anemia. This case highlights the importance of a multipronged approach in the management of complications in diabetic patients.