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The Importance of Drinking Water

Posted:  Thursday, March 19, 2015

It is not without reason that water is called the elixir of life. Around 71% of the earth's surface is covered by water and nearly 70% of the human body is composed of water. However, drinking enough water is an activity that many take for granted. A study conducted by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that a considerable number of individuals may not be drinking the recommended levels of eater each day.

The study, conducted on a sample of 3,397 adults from the National Cancer Institute's 2007 Food Attitudes and Behaviors Survey, found that a large number of people in the US were not fulfilling the general recommendation of drinking 8 cups of water a day. In fact, only 22% of adults reported consuming 8 cups or more of water a day, whereas 7% of adults reported no daily consumption of drinking water.

The researchers also found that respondents were more likely to drink less than 4 cups of drinking water daily if they consumed 1 cup or less of fruits or vegetables a day.

Although people can fulfil their fluid requirements through sources other than water, they may be compromising their health by doing so. Water is calorie-free, caffeine-free and alcohol-free, and therefore it should be the preferred fluid for regular consumption.

The subject of water consumption is of prime importance particularly with respect to renal health. People who do not drink enough water may run the risk of developing urinary tract infections, kidney stones, dehydration, electrolyte imbalance and ultimately chronic kidney disease. Water is also required for proper functioning of each and every cell and organ in the body. It also functions as a lubricant at the joints, regulates body temperature, facilitates the passage of food through the intestine and protects the spinal cord and other sensitive tissues.

According to the Institute of Medicine (IOM), men should drink 3 litres or 13 cups of water, whereas women should drink 2.2 litres or 9 cups of water a day.

The CDC suggests some simple tips such as carrying a bottle of water and sipping on it regularly, adding a lime wedge to water to impart a refreshing taste, and consuming chilled water to help increase water intake and avoid considerable health issues arising from a lack of water intake.

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