Tuesday, October 21, 2014
A wide girth and a plump figure, once associated with good times, now rings alarm bells for metabolic syndrome or Syndrome X. Worldwide, 25% of the adults have metabolic syndrome. Health professionals have since long advocated a Mediterranean type diet for prevention of the syndrome. A latest study has now found that supplementing a Mediterranean diet with extra virgin olive oil or nuts may not reduce the incidence of metabolic syndrome, but may rather help reverse the condition.
The results of the study were published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. As part of the study, the researchers analysed data from the PREDIMED randomized controlled trial, which included men and women aged 55-80 years old at high risk of heart disease. They were assigned to one of the 3 diet groups: Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil, Mediterranean diet supplemented with nuts, and a low fat diet which was the control.
The team of researchers looked at the long-term effects of the Mediterranean diet on metabolic syndrome in 5801 people. Almost 64% (3707) of the participants had metabolic syndrome at the start of the study.
They found that after a median follow up of 4.8 years, participants in the 2 Mediterranean diet groups reported reduced central obesity and blood glucose levels, classical manifestations of metabolic syndrome and that 28.2% of the participants no longer met the criteria for metabolic syndrome.
"In this large, multicentre, randomized clinical trial involving people with high cardiovascular risk, a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil was associated with a smaller increase in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome compared with advice on following a low-fat diet,” said the researchers. They also added, “Because there were no between-group differences in weight loss or energy expenditure, the change is likely attributable to the difference in dietary patterns."
The researchers found that the supplemented Mediterranean diet did not bring about a reduction in the incidence of metabolic syndrome. However, it definitely had the power to reverse the condition. This study once again demonstrates the preventive might of nutrition against lifestyle diseases and provides hope to patients who have been detected with metabolic syndrome.
For study details:-Click Here!