Thursday, June 12, 2014
More than one in five children are overweight or obese in OCECD countries. The lack of exercise, unhealthy eating, and lack of sleep are only few of the causes of obesity. Obesity doesn’t only harm physically but mentally as well. Being obese increases the risk of diabetes, heart problems, high blood pressure, cancer as well as cholesterol. Being extremely overweight or obese are a cause for concern as the risk of disease increases.
Making dietary changes, incorporating exercise and lifestyle changes can aid in reducing the risk of developing heart disease, diabetes and high blood pressure. Prescription medicine and weight loss or bariatric surgery can also be helpful to control obesity.
Obesity is an epidemic affecting children and adults alike. With many cases of type 1 and type 2 diabetes being reported, obesity is becoming a major across the world. In countries like Canada, England, Italy and Korea the rate of growth of obesity has been stabilised however, in countries like U.S.A, Australia, France and Mexico there has been a sharp increase of 2-3% in the number of obese people.
Owing to the economic situation, there has been a sharp increase in obesity and its symptoms. With the rise of the consumption of junk food, inactivity and lifestyles changes the problem of obesity will persist.
Obesity Management and diet:
Mexico, has launched many comprehensive government programs to combat the problem of obesity in 2013. The country introduced health care awareness programs and other regulatory and fiscal measures. Along with Mexico, many other countries have rolled out policies to combat obesity.
Even individual monitoring is required to keep obesity in check.
To combat obesity an individual has to make comprehensive lifestyle changes such as diet, physical activity and behaviour modification. Along with these changes an achievable goal needs to be set; calorie intake needs to be monitored and a reward program needs to be set when the goal is achieved.
A healthy eating plan needs to be devised. A calorie intake of 1000-1200 calories is recommended as part of healthy eating plan for women and 1200-1600 calories for men. For children physical exercise and monitored eating is recommended by doctors.
The reduction of salt, saturated fats and trans-fats will help in reducing cholesterol and blood pressure.
Obesity treatment and anti- obesity drugs:
Many obese people have opted for bariatric surgery to combat the increase in weight. There are also medicine that help in combating obesity which are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Medicines such as Sibutramine; Orlistat, Xenial have had a favoured response in terms of weight loss, with individuals losing 5-10 pounds in the first 6 months of being prescribed the medicine. Whereas, Lorcaserin Hydrocholride (Belviq) and Qsymia are prescribed for those having a BMI of over 27 and have weight related issue such as high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes or high cholesterol.