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Mediterranean diet may help protect against endometrial cancer

Posted:  Thursday, June 04, 2015

Good news for women! Stock up on a good diet to ward off endometrial cancer. Mediterranean diet has long been considered healthy and now researchers have given us yet another reason to adopt this diet. A new research found that adhering closely to the Mediterranean diet can cut down the risk of endometrial cancer by a whopping 57%.

These were the results of a research which analysed the diets of more than 5,000 women from various European countries. The data were retrieved from 3 case-control studies conducted between 1983 and 2006. A total of 1,411 women had confirmed cases of endometrial cancer, and their diets were compared with 3,668 patients in hospital with acute diseases. The results of the study were reported in the British Journal of Cancer.

The Mediterranean diet recommends high intakes of cereals, legumes, nuts, vegetables, fruits, fish, and monounsaturated fats, and low intakes of meat, dairy products and alcohol. The researchers examined how closely the women followed the Mediterranean diet.

They found that women who regularly followed 7-9 components of the Mediterranean diet recorded the maximum reduction in the risk of endometrial cancer. Those following 6 of the dietary components showed a 46% reduction in the risk, whereas those eating 5 components reduced their risk by 34%.

Surprisingly, those eating less than 5 components of the diet showed no risk reduction. The researchers expressed the need for more studies, citing some limitations in the present one. On a parting note, the researchers suggested the following, "Not smoking, keeping a healthy weight, being active, eating healthily and cutting down on alcohol helps to stack the odds in your favour."

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