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Maternal nutritional status is associated with socioeconomic status of family

Posted:  Tuesday, June 07, 2016

Maternal lower dietary intake related to socioeconomic status

An inadequate maternal diet and nutritional status can result in the birth of a low-birth-weight (LBW) infant. According to the National family health Survey-3 (NFHS-3), 28% of infants born in India have LBW. A new study published in the International Journal of Scientific Research evaluated the association between maternal dietary intake, anthropometric parameters, and socio-economic status (SES).

Dr. Gupta and team randomly recruited 208 pregnant women visiting Kolkata Medical College between July and September 2012. The dietary intake was recorded using the 24-hour dietary recall method. Anthropometric measurements such as height, weight, and MUAC were determined using standard techniques. The SES was determined using the updated Kuppuswamy Scale, which is used to assess the monthly income, level of education, and occupations of the family members.

According to SES assessment, the subjects were categorized as upper lower class (68.8%), upper middle class (3.8%) and lower middle class (27.4%). The results showed that pregnant women were deficient in energy (26%), protein (35%), calcium (59%), and iron (55%) when compared to the recommended dietary allowance (RDA) stipulated by the Indian Council of Medical Research. The deficiencies were significantly higher in the upper lower social class subjects compared to the upper middle social class subjects. There was a significant positive correlation between adequate dietary intake and level of education of the subjects and economic status of the family.

The study suggests that the nutritional status of pregnant women can be drastically improved by providing nutrition education and improving the SES of the family.

News Source:Gupta K, et al.SourceHigh prevalence of low dietary intake in pregnant women of Kolkata is related with the socioeconomic status.International Journal of Scientific Research. 2016 May 30;4(10).