Thursday, March 06, 2014
Today, around one in three American children and adolescents is overweight or stout, almost triple the rate in 1963. Among youngsters today, obesity is bringing on an expansive scope of wellbeing issues that at one time weren't seen until adulthood. These incorporate hypertension, sort 2 diabetes and raised blood cholesterol levels.
There are likewise mental impacts: Obese youngsters are more inclined to low respect toward oneself, negative self-perception and dejection. And excess weight at young ages has been linked to higher and earlier death rates in adulthood. Youth obesity is a genuine, becoming menace, cutting over all classes of race, ethnicity, family salary and district.
Thirty years ago, most people led lives that kept them at a healthy weight. Kids walked to and from school every day, ran around at recess, participated in gym class, and played for hours after school before dinner. Meals were home-cooked with reasonable portion sizes and there was always a vegetable on the plate. Eating fast food was rare and snacking between meals was an occasional treat.
Today, kids encounter an altogether different way of life. Strolls to and from school have been supplanted via transport rides. Rec-centre class and after-school games have been cut; evenings are currently gone through with TV, feature recreations, and the web. Folks are busier than at any other time in recent memory and families consume less home-cooked suppers. Snacking often is very common.
Portion sizes have also exploded- they are now two to five times bigger than they were in years past. Beverage portions have grown as well- in the mid-1970s, the average sugar-sweetened beverage was 13.6 ounces compared to today, and kids think nothing of drinking 20 ounces of sugar-sweetened beverages at a time.
Although the increased prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has been documented, little is known about its incidence. We report here on the national incidence of obesity among elementary-school children.
Recent study's findings may take many by surprise, given a recent highly-publicized report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have found obesity rates have declined in children aged 2 to 5, by as much as 43 percent.
Overweight was defined as children with a body mass index (BMI) in the 85th percentile for age and gender, while obesity was defined as greater than or equal to the 95th percentile. Class 2 and class 3 obesity were defined as a BMI of 120 and 140 percent of the 95th percentile, respectively. For example, a 10-year-old boy who is 4.5 feet tall and weighs 95 pounds would be considered obese. At 115 pounds, he would meet the guidelines for class 2 obesity and at 130 pounds he would meet the guidelines for class 3 obesity.
Obese children need a thorough medical evaluation by a pediatrician or family physician to consider the possibility of a physical cause. In the absence of a physical disorder, the only way to lose weight is to reduce the number of calories being eaten and to increase the level of physical activity.