News article

Higher exposure to take-out food could double the odds of being obese

Posted:  Thursday, March 20, 2014

Picking up the phone or signing in to your account to order your favourite food, is the easiest way to avoid putting a pan on the stove. Too tired! Not in the mood! Are just a few excuses used to order take, either on their way to work or while they are at work. Those who are likely to consume more take out, then other people are likely to obese and over-weight. In the past decade, UK's consumption of food away from home has risen by 29%, whereas, the consumption of takeout food has increased manifold. In spite of increasing policy focus, making a connection between takeout food, diet and body weight has been a challenge.

Two studies conducted by the researchers from the University of Cambridge examined the side effect of takeout food. Whether, exposure to take away food at home or in office environments was linked to consumption of takeaway, BMI and the possibility of being overweight or obese.

Data from the Fenland study was used for the research. Out of the 105,452 participants, 5442 were eligible for the study as only working adults were considered. Along with home and work routes, commuting routes were taken into consideration for the study where takeout could be found.

Age, sex, total household income, educational qualification, physical activities, total energy intake and expenditure along with certain other factors were used to analyse the participants. Physical activity was measured with the help of heart sensors and accelerometers.

In the second study, the effects of takeout food, on average Body Mass Index (BMI) were considered. BMI was measured by height, weight and the chance of individuals being overweight or obese.

The results showed, 48% were exposed to takeaway outlets near work rather than home. Researchers found positive and significant dose-response relationship that linked takeaway outlet exposure and consumption. Take out regulars consumed 5.7g more than the ones that weren’t exposed takeout on a regular basis. Researchers also found, that there was a definitive link between BMI and exposure to takeaway outlets. Individuals who were exposed to takeout on all three routes had a higher BMI 1.21 as compared to those who weren’t exposed to them, showing evidence of a dose-response effect. Those who consumed more takeout were likely to be overweight and obese as compared to those with little exposure.

Takeout has many side-effects and the body consumes empty calories causing fat deposits leading to obesity. Takeout is rich in carbohydrates, fats and calories, which leads to cholesterol, heart disease, kidney failure, blood pressure, depression and diabetes. These are few of the adverse effects of takeout food has on the body and mind. Take out gives a whole day worth of calories, adds an extra 160-310 calories to the daily intake. Obesity is a major side effect of eating out and cause respiratory problems along with many other issues.