Monday, October 06, 2014
A healthy lifestyle has always been touted as effective in preventing the onset of various cardiac conditions. What’s new is that it can dramatically reduce the risk of heart attacks in men. A recent study reinforced the importance of maintaining a healthy lifestyle, showing that it could prevent four out of five coronary events in men.
The study published in the Journal of American College of Cardiology assessed several parameters including diet, smoking status, alcohol consumption, physical activity and abdominal fat in a population of 20,721 healthy Swedish men (aged 45-79 years) for a period of 11 years.
The men in the lowest risk group were non-smokers, walked or cycled for at least 40 minutes a day, exercised at least for an hour per week, recorded <95 cm waist circumference, consumed moderate amounts of alcohol, and regularly consumed fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts, reduced-fat dairy products, whole grains and fish. The men who practiced none of the low risk factors were in the high risk group.
The researchers found a clear reduction in the heart attack risk for each individual lifestyle factor the men practiced. Men who consumed a healthy diet and moderate amounts of alcohol had a 35% lower risk of heart attack as compared to men in the high risk group; whereas, men who consumed a healthy diet, moderate amounts of alcohol and were also physically active, did not smoke, and had low amounts of abdominal fat exhibited an 86% lower risk of heart attack. The results were similar for men with hypertension and high cholesterol.
“It is not surprising that healthy lifestyle choices would lead to a reduction in heart attacks,” mentioned the lead author, Agneta Akesson, from the Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm. “What is surprising is how drastically the risk dropped due to these factors.”
The present study demonstrates that lifestyle factors have a great impact on cardiac health and shifting gears from high-risk to low-risk behaviors early in life can be the best investment for heart health.
For study details:-Click Here!