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Diet and exercise, 2 pillars to prevent type 2 diabetes

Posted:  Tuesday, July 21, 2015

The sword of type 2 diabetes hangs atop every professional’s head due to their lifestyle. So how does one avert this ever present risk? The review conducted by Community Preventive Services Task Force (CPSTF) provides the answers. According to the review, opting for lifestyle programmes which combine diet and physical activity would yield results. Compared with usual care, the combination program not only reduces the incidence of type 2 diabetes but also improves other parameters like fasting blood glucose, cholesterol, blood pressure and overweight.

Published in the Annals of Internal Medicine journal, the review examined 53 studies evaluating a total of 66 programs. Thirty of the studies compared diet and physical activity programs against usual care, 12 compared intensive versus less intensive programs, whereas 13 reviewed single programs.

The CPSTF defines being at risk for type 2 diabetes as having abnormally high levels of blood glucose but not high enough to be classed as type 2 diabetes. According to CPSTF, effective type 2 diabetes risk reduction programs should have the following elements:

- Trainers who work directly with participants in clinics and communities for at least 3 months

- Counselling, training and additional support

- Several lessons to bring in variety in diet and physical activity

- The sessions delivered in person or via emails or both

The researchers also found that more intensive programs with increased sessions or personal attention yielded better results than less intensive ones. They resulted in greater weight loss and reduction in type 2 diabetes risk than less intensive ones.

Diabetes is a problem among plenty nowadays and according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), many of them are not even aware of it. In addition, many are detected with pre-diabetes. Following the combination of diet and exercise can not only ensure reduction in the risk of diabetes but also improve overall health.

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