The gastrointestinal tract hosts a huge quantity of
microorganisms, mostly bacteria, that surpass in number
our cells by 10 fold.
GERD is a common disorder in pediatrics. The
main patho-physiological cause is an inappropriate
transient relaxation of the lower esophageal sphincter.
NASPGHAN and ESPGHAN had published joint
recommendations and practice guidelines.
Infantile colic is characterized by inconsolable crying
accompanied by painful expression, ﬂushing, and
distended abdomen with ﬂatulence gas emissions,
in an otherwise healthy infant.