Gut Microflora and its Impact on Health and Disease
Prof. Carlos Lifschitz
Consultant, Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hospital Italiano, Buenos Aires, Argentina
The fecal flora of the newborn infant begins to be established soon after birth. The speed at which the development occurs and the type of predominant bacteria depend mainly on the size of the baby at birth, the way of delivery (vaginal vs. cesarean section (CS)), and the type of feeding (breast milk vs. formula). Probiotics help normalize intestinal permeability in infants, inhibit adhesion of pathogens to intestinal cells, and can modulate the immune system.