The 94th NNI workshop was designed with a goal to bring a comprehensive overview on the latest human milk research and its potential in modulating mucosal immunity, the microbiome and its impact on the neonate. The program comprised of three sessions. The first session led by professor Pearay Ogra reviews data on Immunology of milk and lactation.
The flow of the topics brings us through the historical prospective to the latest scientific findings helping to understand the world of complex immunobiology of mammalian milk. The second session with professor Allan Walker discussed in details the Microbiology of human milk and lactation, with a focus on premature infants and NEC.
During the last session professor Bo Lonnerdal and invited faculty brought light on the Protective factors in human milk, like Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs), bioactive milk fat components and lactoferrin and its role in influencing immune system of the neonate. The program brought great learnings but also left us with many questions. We are just at the beginning of understanding complex milk composition, functions of different bioactive components and the most important role of each in the development of human.