Emerging Societies – Coexistence of Childhood Malnutrition and Obesity

Editor(s): C. Satish Kalhan, M.A. Prentice , S. Chittaranjan Yajnik NNI Workshop Series (NNIW) vol. 63 , 2009

Summary

The coexistence of undernutrition (low birth weight, poor growth) alongside overnutrition (mainly obesity) is a phenomenon afflicting many countries as their economies develop and food availability increases. The focus of the book this phenomenon, otherwise known as the ‘nutrition transition’, which becoming increasingly prevalent in many emerging nations.

ARTICLES
  • Global Changes in Diet and Activity Patterns as Drivers of the Nutrition Transition

    Author(s): B.M. Popkin

    The nutrition transition relates to broad patterns of diet, activity and body composition that have defined our nutritional status in various stages of history. The world is rapidly shifting from a dietary period in which the higher income countries were dominated by patterns of nutrition-related non-communicable diseases (NR-NCDs; while the lower and middle world were dominated by receding famine) to one in which the world is increasingly being dominated by NR-NCDs. Dietary changes appear to be shifting universally toward a diet dominated by higher intakes of caloric sweeteners, animal source foods, and edible oils. Activity patterns at work, leisure, travel, and in the home are equally shifting rapidly toward reduced energy expenditure. Largescale declines in food prices (e.g., beef prices), increased access to supermarkets, and urbanization of urban and rural areas are key underlying factors.

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