Food flavours experienced prenatally, in the mother's amniotic fluid, or postnatally, in mother's milk, during the first 2-3 months of life, can influence later flavour preferences. In addition, it seems that experiencing a variety of flavours during weaning can ease acceptance of new food flavours.
Although important national and international medical organizations long have taken a clear stand against the use of whole cow's milk during the first year of life we continue to find in our society the almost institutionalization of this mistaken practice.
Passive exposure to cigarette smoke has harmful effects on children’s health. This review focuses on the prenatal and postnatal effects associated with cigarette smoking during pregnancy.