When a baby is born via normal vaginal delivery without known infection, until now the bacterial colonization pattern of the infant’s intestine during the first weeks of life has always been thought to be stereotyped. However, some recent data highlights four formal steps which now have been described.
The first three years of life comprise a special period of growth in children. During these years, the child’s weight is multiplied by 4, his height by 2 and brain size by 3. Lipids in the diet should cover the major share of energy requirements, ensure the transport of fat-soluble vitamins, allow prostaglandin and leukotriene synthesis, but also participate in the structure and function of all cell membranes, in particular, cerebral membranes.
Physicians do not always pay enough attention to sleep disorders frequently seen in young children. Although giving too much importance to such disorders can lead to family anxiety and unnecessary treatment, such disorders may persist or worsen if insufficiently taken care of.