Nutrition and Growth

Editor(s): R. Shamir, D. Turck, M. Phillip Journal Articles 2013


Growth as an indicator of health is more sensitive than commonly believed and can serve as an early sign of imbalance, before other malfunctions manifest themselves. Particularly in developing countries, growth failure in infants and children is related to mortality, morbidity and impaired brain development, and increases the risk of adult-onset non-communicable diseases. This publication focuses on the challenges of the interaction between nutrition and growth in the pediatric age group. Subjects covered include the interplay between nutrition and the IGF axis; early feeding and later growth; growth charts (including an update on the implementation of the WHO growth standards); various aspects of obesity; nutrition and growth of premature infants and of children with specific diseases; and the interaction between bone health, nutrition and growth. © All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronically or mechanically, including photocopying, recording, micro copying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.

  • Lessons Learned from Clinical Studies on Infant Nutrition

    Author(s): H. Szajewska

    Currently, one of the scientific concepts is that maternal, fetal, and infant nutrition may have implications for infant size and growth and subsequently for the risk of developing chronic diseases later in life, in addition to genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors. As a consequence, the interest of scientists and policy makers is now focused on characterizing the optimal dietary patterns and patterns of prenatal and postnatal size/growth. The objectives of this paper were to briefly review/summarize: (1) evidence of the importance of size and growth as well as early nutrition for health and development, (2) methodological issues associated with current scientific approaches that evaluate the impact of early nutrition/growth on later outcomes, (3) recent regulations and guidelines developed by various expert groups or scientific organizations, and (4) ways to solve some
    unresolved issues.

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