According to an estimation by the World Health
Organisation (WHO), vaccinations annually prevent
the deaths of three million children, a million
alone due to the measles vaccination in particular.
Vaccine development is revolutionizing the field
of paediatric immunization. The number of infectious
diseases that may be prevented through routine
immunization has long included diphtheria,
tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis, measles, mumps,
rubella and tuberculosis.
Since the advent of human civilization and the
evolution of societal consciousness, mankind has
strived to improve the collective quality of life on
Vaccination has had so great an impact on world
health that it is arguably the most important contribution
of medical science of the past 200 years,
surpassing the discovery of antibiotics and all
other pharmacological, medical, or surgical accomplishments
(except perhaps the simple provision
of clean water).
Disease prevention and health promotion are the leading health policy strategies in the world. Active
immunization is one of the oldest and has been recognized as the most effective biomedical measure for
pursuing disease prevention strategies since Edward Jenner found an active vaccine against smallpox.