From the biological standpoint, the sense of taste
enables us to detect and discriminate among foods
in order to select a nutritious diet in the face of
fluctuating metabolic needs.
Humans need a variety of foods to obtain adequate
nutrition. Along with this need for variety
comes the ability to adapt and consume whatever
edible substances happen to be available in their
Humans consume a wide range of plant and animal
foods. Thus, developmental processes must
act to insure that an individual is not restricted to a
narrow range of foodstuffs by virtue of few preferences
and strong aversions for novel foods .
Food choices and eating habits are influenced
strongly by the taste of foods. The popular concept
of food “taste” typically includes the combined
perception of taste, smell, and texture .
Variability in the amounts and types of foods that are consumed is determined in large measure by culture.
Humans select, prepare and eat diverse foodstuffs to meet nutritional requirements in widely diverse