Children play a special role in the understanding
of the epidemiology of tuberculosis. Despite the
widespread recognition that tuberculosis in children
has a very limited impact on the dynamics of
the tuberculosis epidemic in a community ,
Although the means to prevent and cure tuberculosis
in children through chemotherapy have existed
for over 40 years, tuberculosis remains the
most prevalent infectious disease in the world in
both adults and children.
For decades, case notification rates of tuberculosis
declined steadily in most industrialised countries.
This is the result of improved economic conditions
and efficient control, including the high cure
rate obtained with short-course chemotherapy
regimens [1, 2].
In the last decade an increase in the incidence of
tuberculosis has been reported throughout the
Repeatedly, experience teaches the physician that prevention is a much less costly path than diagnosis
and treatment. Perhaps the lesson is so obvious that we ignore it. Perhaps, we ignore it because when
prevention is successful, nothing happens.