Monday, February 22, 2016
Nutrient and energy intakes vary depending on the predominant type of milk fed to children aged 12–18 months in the UK
Data from the UK Diet and Nutrition Survey of Infants and Young Children were used to investigate the intakes of key nutrients, and iron and vitamin D status, of children aged 12–18 months, not breastfed, and consuming >400 g/day fortified milk (n=139) or >400 g/day of whole cows’ milk (n=404).
Mean daily intakes of iron, zinc, vitamin A and vitamin D were significantly higher in the fortified milk group. Mean daily intakes of energy, protein, calcium, iodine, sodium and saturated fat were significantly higher in the cows’ milk group.
Haemoglobin was not different between groups. The fortified milk group had significantly higher serum ferritin (p=0.049) and plasma 25(OH) D (p=0.014).