In this presentation, Nicholas Embleton examines evidence regarding the effect of nutrition on brain outcomes in high risk infants. He talks about pre-term babies both pre- and post-discharge from hospital as well as high risk full-term infants. It has been recognized for many years that good nutrition is a key factor in improved survival and less morbidity. As more babies survive, their nutritional needs become more complex.
Nicholas Embleton reviews brain growth and explains how a short deficiency of energy and protein intakes can have a detrimental effect on brain development. He looks at various studies on the differing impacts of breastmilk, formula and donor milk on IQ, brain size and white matter development.