In a collective prospective epidemiological study on 13,643 pregnanciesfrom 1963 to 1975, an attempt was made to explore all accessible factors ofpossible influence on the course of pregnancy and child development.
P-Carotene Transfer into Colostrum in Cows: Evidence of Temporary Increase in Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptors in Mammary Gland during Formation of Colostrum
Although the assessment of human vitamin E status has, from a clinicalstandpoint, generally relied on serum or plasma tocopherol concentrations,this study deals with erythrocyte [red blood cell (RBC)] tocopherolconcentrations.
In the early 1980s, two studies (1,2) suggested that a reduction in the prevalence at birth of neural tube defects could be achieved in mothers givenpericonceptional multivitamin and/or folic acid supplementation.
Serum Folate Levels in Pregnancies Associated with Neural Tube Defects
Serum folate levels in early pregnancy in 32 women whose pregnanciesresulted in babies affected by neural tube defects (NTD) (anencephalus andspina bifida) were compared with values from a random sample of 395 womenwith normal pregnancies acting as controls.
Vitamin E Supplementation and Periventricular Hemorrhage in very Preterm Babies
Author(s): M.L. Chiswick, S. Sinha, J. Davies, N. Toner
Ongoing studies by the Dunn Nutrition Laboratory in a rural farming regionof The Gambia in West Africa have included measurements of vitaminstatus and the effects of vitamin (and food) supplements in deficiency, especiallyon pregnant and lactating women and their infants.
Copper and Zinc Requirements for Extremely Low Birthweight Infants
Controversy exists over the precise requirement for trace elements inpreterm infants (1). Serum copper and zinc levels were measured in 26 babiesof <30 weeks gestational age (mean 27.8 ± 1.9 weeks) at postnatal ages of11 to 111 days (median, 49 days).
A Collaborative Study On Vitamins, Minerals, And Trace Elements In Breast Milk
Duplicate 24-hr dietary composites were collected from 26 lactating vegetarianwomen living in villages surrounding Kathmandu, Nepal and wereanalyzed for both total vitamin B6 content and vitamin B6 glycoside contentby a modified microbiological growth assay.
Vitamin and Mineral Composition of Preterm Human Milk: Implications for the Nutritional Management of the Preterm Infant
A zinc balance study was conducted on low-birthweight infants (670-2,430g) fed human breast milk (the mother's or pooled) or formula (group 1, n =17) and others fed in the same manner but with zinc supplementation (group2, n = 19).
Vitamin C Supplementation Increases Low Plasma Vitamin C Levels of Premature Infants Fed Human Milk
Author(s): K. Heinonen, I. Mononen, and T. Mononen
To evaluate the vitamin C nutritional status of premature infants, vitaminC concentrations were measured in seven neonates born before 32 weeksgestation and in 13 premature infants born at or after 32 weeks.
Phosphorus Depletion in very Low Birthweight Infants on Long-Term Total Parenteral Nutrition
Author(s): G. Briassoulis, S. Photopoulos, M. Davakis, M. Xanthou
We developed a mass-monitoring system for noncarboxylated prothrombin,which is a precursor of active prothrombin and converted to the activeform by vitamin K and carboxylase, as an indicator of vitamin K deficiencyin infants around 1 month of age.
Vitamin Ki Status, Its Clinical Implication, and Oral Prophylaxis in Breast-Fed Thai Infants
Using high-performance liquid hematography for determination of serumvitamin Ki concentration, we carried out a series of investigations to determinesome factors involved in possible vitamin K deficiency in the newborninfant.
Clinical observations from the nineteenth century and early twentieth indicatedthat children with keratomalacia were severely vitamin A deficient,ill, malnourished, and suffered an extremely high mortality (1,2).
Xerophthalmia and Severe Protein Energy Malnutrition
Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) and Vitamin A deficiency are stillmajor nutritional problems in Indonesia. A national survey on xerophthalmia(1976-1979) showed that the prevalence of Bitot's spots was 1% and xerosis
Safety of Vitamin and Mineral Supplements for Mother and Child
The study explored some of the mechanisms by which maternalnutrition may affect fetal growth using data collected in a largeprospective study of pregnancy. Birth weights of full-term infantsincreased with maternal pregnancy weight gains when mothers wereunderweight before pregnancy. This relationship disappeared asmothers' pregravid body weights increased so that, the most overweightmothers had neonates weighing about 3600 g on the mean,irrespective of the size of maternal pregnancy weight gains. Motherswho developed edema in their hands and faces during pregnancyhad 1—2% heavier new-borns than non-edematous mothers.