Nutrition Publication

NNIW19 - The Malnourished Child

Editor(s): R. Suskind. vol. 19

Related Articles

Conclusions: Proposed Areas of Research during the Next Decade

Author(s): A. Balabriga, G.T. Keusch, S.M. Grantham-McGregor, A.S.Truswell

Secondary Malnutrition in Children

Author(s): G.J. Fuchs

Children with primary protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) are generally found inunderdeveloped countries as a result of an inadequate food supply due to socioeconomicor political factors or occasionally due to natural disasters.

Malnutrition, Infection, and Immune Function

Author(s): G.T. Keusch

Although it has long been known that malnutrition and infectious diseases frequentlyoccur together (1), it has only recently been established that the nutritionalstatus of the host can alter the functional activity of the immune system and therebyaffect the host's response to infections (2-12).

The Anemia of Malnutrition

Author(s): R.P. Warner, M.G. Dole, J. Warder, R.M. Suskind

Malnutrition is one of the most significant problems afflicting humanity today.Children, in the midst of growth and development, helpless and ill-equipped towithstand adverse factors, fall easy prey to the ravages of malnutrition.

Malnutrition and Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism

Author(s): A.S. Truswell

This subject was last reviewed at the Chiang Mai Symposium on Protein-CalorieMalnutrition (PCM), which was held in January 1973 and published in 1975 (1).

Malnutrition and Fat/Water-Soluble Vitamin Metabolism

Author(s): C.J. Bates

The unraveling of functional mechanisms for single nutrients has been a necessarystage in the research strategy of human nutrition.

Malnutrition And Trace Element Metabolism

Author(s): P.J. Aggett

Multiple factors probably contribute to the clinical and geographic heterogeneityof protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), and the possibility that trace metals may playa role in this was first appreciated some 50 years ago (1).

Malnutrition and the Central Nervous System

Author(s): A. Ballabriga

The formation and differentiation of cerebral structures during and after intrauterinelife is a very complicated process, depending on a series of metabolic changesthat are influenced by fixed and variable factors.

Malnutrition, Mental Function, and Development

Author(s): S.M. Grantham-McGregor

When considering the effects of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) on mental development,it is useful to remember that malnutrition varies in severity and durationand that children are affected at different stages of development.

Endocrine Changes in the Malnourished Child

Author(s): P. Brown, J.A. Brasel

This chapter will describe the alterations in various endocrine systems in chronicprotein-energy malnutrition (PEM).

Pulmonary Changes in the Malnourished Child

Author(s): R.L. Hopkins

The effects of malnutrition on the components of the respiratory system are becomingmore apparent and better described as careful laboratory studies supplementdescriptive human studies and observations.

The Exocrine Pancreas in the Malnourished Child

Author(s): P.R. Durie

The exocrine pancreas, the main source of digestive enzymes, fluid, and bicarbonaterequired for food digestion, is known to secrete more protein per gram of tissuethan any other gland in the human body other than the lactating mammary gland(1).

Liver Function in the Malnourished Child

Author(s): M.S. Tanner

At the time when "nutritional cirrhosis" was a viable concept, there was greatenthusiasm for research to confirm the proposed sequence: Malnutrition—> Fattyliver—» Cirrhosis.

Renal Function in the Malnourished Child

Author(s): G. Gordillo-Paniagua, S. Frenk

The classic aphorism of Homer Smith: "Blood composition results, not fromwhat we eat but from what our kidneys are able to retain" (1), relates the variablesof body composition, nutrition, growth, and kidney function.

Drug Metabolism Iin the Malnourished Child

Author(s): S. Mehta

In the human environment, there are numerous chemicals and drags that gain entryto the body through ingestion, inhalation, and absorption through the skin, eyes,and orifices.

Treatment of the Malnourished Child

Author(s): F. Monckeberg

In recent years, almost all poor regions of the world, especially Latin America,have witnessed a relative increase in malnutrition occurring during the first year oflife (1).

Prevention of Protein-Energy Malnutrition through Socioeconomic Development and Community Participation

Author(s): Dr. Soekirman

The 1987 report on the status of world nutrition indicates that, except in Asia,hunger and malnutrition in the Third World are increasing, a trend that is likely tocontinue unabated for the rest of this century (1).

Locally Made Rehabilitation Foods

Author(s): D. Karyadi, M.K. Mahmud, and Hermana

The formulation of rehabilitation foods is designed to improve the child's nutritionallevel as quickly as possible by providing sufficient energy and high-qualityprotein.

Long-Term Growth Potential of Previously Malnourished Children

Author(s): L. Lewinter-Suskind, G.J. Fuchs, S. Kaewkanthat, R.M. Suskind

The World Health Organization estimates that 40,000 children die each day, over14 million a year, in the developing world. The majority of these children are severelymalnourished (1). Of the children who survive, approximately 39% arestunted, that is, never reach their potential adult stature (2).

The Malnourished Child: An Overview

Author(s): D. Suskind, K.K. Murthyt, R.M. Suskind

In 1980, approximately 39% of the world's preschool children, 141 million in all,suffered from some degree of malnutrition. Of these children, 59% lived in southeastAsia. It is estimated that in India alone 56 million and in Africa and the Middle East18 to 20 million preschool children are less than 80% of their weight for age.

Pédiatrie Education for General Practitioners at Undergraduate and Postgraduate Levels

Author(s): G.R. Burgio

There is a boundless need to "educate" people who work in a science such asmedicine, which deals with the health of man.