Nutrition Publication

NNIW33 - Protein Metabolism During Infancy

Editor(s): N. Räïhä. vol. 33

Related Articles

The Biochemistry and Physiology of Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism, with Reference to Protein Nutrition

Author(s): V.R. Young, A.E. El-Khoury, M. Sanchez, L. Castillo

All of the relevant topics that could be included under the title of this chapterwould cover an extraordinary range of biological knowledge; more than is possibleto include in an article of restricted length.

Isotopic Methods for Studying Protein Turnover

Author(s): P.J. Garlick, M.A. McNurlan

The maintenance of body protein mass depends on the dynamic equilibrium betweenthe opposing processes of protein synthesis and protein degradation.

Digestibility and Absorption of Protein in Infants

Author(s): B. Lonnerdal

Proteins in breast milk and infant formulas are often assumed to be well utilizedby infants and to cover their amino acid requirements.

Protein Content of Human Milk, from Colostrum to Mature Milk

Author(s): N.C.R. Raiha

By definition, mammals are those animals that suckle their young and they comprisethe highest class of vertebrates.

Interrelations Between the Degradation Rates of Rna and Protein and the Energy Turnover Rates

Author(s): G. Schoch, H. Topp

The whole body degradation rates of cytoplasmic transfer RNA (tRNA), ribosomalRNA (rRNA), and messenger RNA (mRNA) in mammals can be determined noninvasivelyusing high-performance liquid chromatography, by measuring the urinaryexcretion of special modified RNA catabolites (ribonucleosides, nucleobases) whichare excreted virtually quantitatively (1-4).

International Recommendations on Protein Intakes in Infancy: Some Points for Discussion

Author(s): B.A. Wharton

The definitive international report on protein requirements is the one published bythe WHO in 1985 (1).

Nutritional Importance of Non-Protein Nitrogen

Author(s): B. Lonnerdal

The class of compounds called non-protein nitrogen (NPN) is not a homogeneousgroup of similar chemicals but rather an operational term for the remainder of nitrogenin milk and formula once the protein fraction has been removed.

Qualitative Aspects of Protein in Human Milk and Formula: Amino Acid Pattern

Author(s): W.E. Heine

Since analytical data on the different composition of human milk and cow's milkbecame available at the beginning of this century, human milk has always been thegold standard for creation of infant formulas.

Protein Requirements of Low Birthweight, Very Low Birthweight, and Small for Gestational Age Infants

Author(s): S. Kashyapk, W.C. Heird

A definition of the protein requirement of any population must include considerationof the purposes for which the requirement is being defined.

Protein Requirement of Healthy Term Infants During the First Four Months of Life

Author(s): N.C. R. Raiha

The approach most commonly used has been to estimate the intake of protein byexclusively breast-fed infants who are maintaining satisfactory growth.

Protein Needs During Weaning

Author(s): I.E. M. Axelsson

Weaning, the period in which non-milk foods are introduced into the diet, is oneof the most critical nutritional events in the life of mammals.

Essential and Non-Essential Amino Acids in Neonatal Nutrition

Author(s): D.K. Rassin

There has been an evolution in the appreciation of the functional roles that aminoacids play in neonatal nutrition over the last 30 years.

Significance of Nucleic Acids, Nucleotides, and Related Compounds In Infant Nutrition

Author(s): Ri. Uauy-Dagach, R. Quan

Nucleotides are low molecular weight intracellular compounds that play majorroles in physiological and biological functions.,

Inborn Errors of Metabolism: A Model for the Evaluation of Essential Amino Acid Requirements

Author(s): J-L. Bresson, F. Rey, F. Poggi, E. Depondt, V. Abadie, J-M. Saudubray, J. Rey

Inborn errors of metabolism are caused by mutations that alter the functions ofphysiologically important proteins.

Role of Tumor Necrosis Factor in Protein Metabolism

Author(s): K.J. Tracey

The relentless catabolism of body protein during chronic disease may kill. Earlyinvestigators presumed that the origins of cachexia lay in the underlying neoplasiaor organism usurping the host's energy stores.