Nutrition Publication

NNIW30 - Nutritional Anemias

Editor(s): S. Fomon, S. Zlotkin. vol. 30

Related Articles

The Prevalence and Causes of Nutritional Iron Deficiency Anemia

Author(s): P. MacPhail, T.H. Bothwell

This review will be confined to a discussion of iron deficiency anemia as it affectsadult populations.

Iron Balance in Pregnancy and Lactation

Author(s): L. Hallberg

Pregnancy is probably the greatest physiological challenge to the human body.Considering the ingenuity of Nature, one would expect that mechanisms with sufficientsafety margins had been developed to ensure the needs of mother and fetusduring pregnancy.

Iron And Infection

Author(s): C. Hershko

Iron has a central role in redox reactions and oxygen transport, and living organismshave developed efficient mechanisms for its acquisition, transport, and storage.

The Role of Malaria in Nutritional Anemias

Author(s): B.J. Brabin

Anemia is one of the most common manifestations of malaria. The causative mechanismsare multifactorial, and the severity of the anemia varies in relation to thelevel of malaria transmission in a population.

Early and Long-Term Effect of Iron Deficiency Anemia on Child Development

Author(s): T. Walter

Iron deficiency anemia, the most common single nutrient deficiency disorder inthe world, has a peak prevalence among infants, affecting an estimated 25% of allbabies (1).

Role of Vitamin A in Iron Deficiency Anemia

Author(s): L.A. Mejia

In recent years, the relationship between vitamin A deficiency, iron, and anemiahas been the subject of several investigations.

Assessment of Anemia in Newborn Infants

Author(s): A. Zipursky

The approach to the study of anemia that I shall discuss has developed over thepast 20 years; during this period I have been directly involved in the study andmanagement of newborn infants with anemia.

Vitamin E and Iron Deficiency in Preterm Infants

Author(s): E.F. Bell

The biological functions attributed to vitamin E are performed by a group of related chemical compounds, namely the tocopherols and the tocotrienols.

Erythropoietin in Management of Infants

Author(s): M.A. Siimes

Erythroid burst-forming units are present in large numbers in infants with theanemia of prematurity. The erythroid progenitors respond normally in vitro to recombinanthuman erythropoietin (rHuEpo) (1).

Screening Strategies for Nutritional Iron Deficiency

Author(s): J.D. Cook, B.S. Skikne, R.D. Baynes

The usual approach to combating nutritional iron deficiency is to provide additionaliron to the population at risk.

Prevention of Iron Deficiency by Diet

Author(s): L. Hallberg, L. Rossander-Hulten, M. Brune

Iron status in the body is determined by the balance between iron losses and ironrequirements for growth on the one hand and the absorption of iron from the dieton the other.

Prevention of Iron Deficiency by Food Fortification

Author(s): T.H. Bothwell, P. MacPhail

The practical problems associated with iron fortification have previously beendefined, and guidelines for the implementation of fortification programs have beenlaid down (1).

Prospects for Improving the Iron Fortification of Foods

Author(s): R.F. Hurrell

Five major factors govern the amount of iron absorbed from an iron-fortified food.These are the iron fortification compound used, the amount of iron added, the presenceof enhancers or inhibitors of iron absorption in the meal, and the iron statusof the consumer.

Chairmen's Final Comments

Author(s): S.J. Fomon, S. Zlotkin

Nutritional anemias may result from deficiency of any number of nutrients. In thisworkshop, we have considered anemias associated with deficiencies of iron, folicacid, vitamin B)2, vitamin E, vitamin A, and copper.