Nutrition Publication

NNIW29 - Nutrition of the Elderly

Editor(s): H. Munro, G. Schlierf. vol. 29

Related Articles

Practical Aspects of Nutrition of the Elderly at Home

Author(s): L. Davies

Nutrition of the Elderly: Introduction

Author(s): H. Munro

At the beginning of this century, only 4% of the population of the United States was over 65 years of âge. By 1976 this proportion had risen to 11% and is projected to attain 14% by the year 2000 (1).

Health Statistics on Older Persons

Author(s): R.J. Havlik

In considering nutritional issues in older persons, an awareness ofthe demographie trends toward an aging population and of the common conditions and diseases in this subgroup is essential.

Research on Food Habits and Aging in Différent Cultures in Europe: An Exploration

Author(s): W.A. van Staveren, L.P.G.M. De Groot, J.G.A.J. Hautvast

The ultimate goal of research on "better nutrition and aging" is to improve quality of life for the elderly.

Renal Function and Histopathology in the Elderly

Author(s): H. Sato, T. Saito, K. Yoshinaga

Decline of renal function with aging is the most dramatic among ail the organ Systems. Functioning cells are gradually lost and physiologie reserve capacity is reduced.

Endocrine Function in the Elderly

Author(s): H.M. Hodkinson

Many different changes in endocrine function with âge hâve been described. To give just some of many possible examples, there are increases in the levels of growth hormone in women, rises in thyroid stimulating hormone, modest decreases in triio-dothyronine, and increased sensitivity of response to antidiuretic hormone (1).

Energy Metabolism in the Elderly

Author(s): J.V.G.A. Durnin

In a discussion of energy metabolism in the elderly, we ought to try to be modestly precise about what exactly is meant by the "elderly."

Undernutrition in the Elderly: A Physiological or Pathological Process?

Author(s): E.M. Berry

Many studies hâve shown that there is a progressive decline in both energy intake and energy expenditure with increasing âge, with alterations in body composition such that the proportion of adipose tissue increases at the expense of the lean body mass.

Effects of the Aging Process on the Nutritional Status of Elderly Persons

Author(s): B. Vellas

Epidemiologic studies commonly demonstrate nutritional deficiencies in elderly populations (1,2).

Age-Associated Changes in Taste and Odor Sensation, Perception, and Preference

Author(s): C. Murphy

When an elderly person observes that food simply doesn't taste the way it used to, he or she is referring to food fiavor.

Immune Response and Aging: Constitutive and Environmental Aspects

Author(s): A.L. De Week

Advancing âge is accompanied by a decline of most cell-mediated and humoral immune responses, although the changes are sometimes selective and may appear to represent modifications in immune regulation (1).

Energy Balance in the Elderly

Author(s): Z. Glick

Although the cut-off point is not clearly defined, and has great interindividual variability, age-related changes in energy balance of adults appear to be divided into two distinct, non-symmetric phases

Protein Requirements of the Elderly

Author(s): D. Kritchevsky

Of ail the chemical constituents ofthe organism, the ones with the widest variety of functions are the proteins, which range from structural components to enzymes.

Vitamin Requirements of the Elderly

Author(s): H. Heseker, W. Kiibler

Up to now nutritionists hâve not reached an agreement on the absolute daily re-quirement and its range for ail vitamins.

Trace Elements in Aging

Author(s): W. Mertz

Knowledge of minerai element status and requirements in older people is incompleteand, for most elements, derived by extrapolation from younger âge groups.

Hip Fracture, Femoral Bone Minerai Density, and Protein Supply in Elderly Patients

Author(s): J-P. Bonjour, C-H. Rapin, R. Rizzoli, L. Tkatch, M. Delmi, T. Chevalley, V. Nydegger, D. Slosman, H. Vasey

Osteoporosis is widely recognized as a major problem in public health. The most dramatic expression of this disease is represented by fractures ofthe proximal femur.

The Effect Of Estrogens In Prévention And Treatment Of Osteoporosis

Author(s): Robert Lindsay

Osteoporosis is a disorder of the skeleton characterized by reduction in skeletal mass and a consequent alteration in architecture that increases the risk of fracture (1).

Exercise in the Prevention of Osteoporosis

Author(s): C.N. Meredith

Osteoporosis is a weakening of the skeleton due to a decrease in minerai contentand a change in bone architecture. It continues to be an incurable, debilitating, andpainful condition of the elderly, especially women.

Fluoride Therapy for Vertebral Osteoporosis

Author(s): P.J. Meunier

Vertebral osteoporosis is characterized by a predominant atrophy of spongy bone inducing non-traumatic vertebral fractures.

Round-Table Discussion on Prevention of Osteoporosis

Author(s): H.M. Hodkinson, J-P. Bonjour, D. Rush, P.R. Guesry, P.J. Meunier

Dr. Hodkinson: I should like to ask Dr. Bonjour whether, in his second study where he was comparing protein versus no protein supplements, the supplements were of equal energy value.Dr. Bonjour: There was a difference of 10% in the total energy consumed between the two groups.

Alzheimer's Disease and Brain Minerai Metabolism

Author(s): J.A. Edwardson

Dementia constitutes one of the greatest medical and social problems facing the aging populations of developed countries.

Practical Aspects of Nutrition of the Elderly at Home

Author(s): L. Davies

Of the 10 million elderly men and women in the United Kingdom, more than 95% live at home, mostly on their own or with one other person (1). Similarly, in most other countries, developed and developing, the vast majority of old people live in the community.

Practical Aspects of Nutrition of the Elderly in Institutions

Author(s): B. Steen

Although most studies of elderly populations living at home in countries like Swedenshow on average acceptable dietary habits compared to the rest ofthe population, at least up to the âge of 80 years, even though variation may be considerable (1-5), the situation may be quite different when the elderly corne to institutions and are forced to live there for medical and/or social reasons.