Nutrition Publication

NNIW01 - Mini Nutritional Assessment (Mna): Research and Practise in the Elderly

Editor(s): B. Vellas, P.J. Garry, Y. Guigoz. Clinical Nutrition vol. 01

Related Articles

Mini Nutritional Assessment (Mna): Research and Practice in the Elderly

Author(s): B. Vellas, P.J. Garry, Y. Guigoz

The prevalence of malnutrition is high in elderly people in hospital, living innursing homes, or involved in home care programs. Development of malnutritionin the elderly is usually a continuum, starting with inadequate food intakes, followedby changes in body composition and biochemical variables.

The Mini Nutritional Assessment (Mna) for Grading the Nutritional State of Elderly Patients: Presentation of the Mna, History and Validation

Author(s): Y. Guigoz, B. Vellas

The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), which is composed of simple measurementsand brief questions that can be completed in about 10 min, was designedand validated to provide a rapid assessment of the nutritional status of frailelderly people in order to facilitate nutrition intervention [1, 2].

The Mini Nutritional Assessment and Body Composition in Healthy Adults

Author(s): W.C. Chumlea, G. Hall, F. Lilly, R.M. Siervogel, S.S. Guo

The normal physiological consequences of aging alter body size and composition.These alterations affect or are affected by weight-related health conditionsand nutritional status.

Mna and Immunity: Nutritional Status and Immunological Markers in the Elderly

Author(s): E.J. Schiffrin, Y. Guigoz, G. Perruisseau, S. Blum, Y. Delneste, R. Mansourian, B. Vellas, A. Blancher

An altered (impaired) immune response has previously been detected in elderlyindividuals [1, 2]. Several investigators have suggested that this impairedimmune function is caused by a basic defect in receptor signalling of immune cellsand an altered capacity to respond to antigen-dependent activation signals [3].

Comparative Nutrition Evaluation with the Mini Nutritional Assessment and the Nutritional Risk Assessment Scale

Author(s): P. Oster, B.M. Rost, U. Velte, G. Schlierf

Malnutrition in geriatric hospital inpatients over 75 years old is one of the strongestindicators of a poor outcome, including mortality. A subjective rating of thenutritional status correlated strongly (p ! 0.001) with the subsequent mortality atfollow-up times of 6, 18, and 30 months after discharge from hospital.

Mna and Odor Perception

Author(s): M.I. Griep, T.F. Mets, K. Collys, D. Verté, G. Verleye, I. Ponjaert-Kristoffersen, D.L. Massart

Many studies show that odor perception declines with age, while diminishedodor perception is associated with poor general health and various diseases [1–3].Though it has been suggested that many nutrients play a role in odor perception,

The Mna Score in People Who Have Aged Successfully

Author(s): K. Scheirlinckx, B. Vellas, P.J. Garry

One of the main objectives of gerontological medicine is to assist people reachingretirement age to age successfully. As defined by Rowe & Khan [1, 2], successfulaging encompasses three distinct domains: avoidance of disease and disability;maintenance of high physical and cognitive function, and sustained engagementin social and productive activities.

Anorexia of Aging, Leptin, and the Mini Nutritional Assessment

Author(s): J.E. Morley, D.K. Miller, H.M. Perry, P. Patrick, Y. Guigoz, B. Vellas

It is now well established that there is a linear decrease in food intake ofhumans over the life span [1]. This occurs in the face of an increase in weight andbody fat in middle age.

Associations Among the Mini Nutritional Assessment Instrument, Dehydration, and Functional Status among Older African Americans In St. Louis, Mo., Usa

Author(s): D.K. Miller, H.M. Perry, E. Morley

Nutritional integrity is clearly essential for health in older persons [1], and theMini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) instrument has been shown to be an effectivemeasure of risk of nutritional failure in older individuals [2].

Mini Nutritional Assessment and Alzheimer Patients

Author(s): F. Nourhashemi, S. Guyonnet, P.J. Ousset, V. Kostek, S. Lauque, W.C. Chumlea, B. Vellas, J.L. Albarède

Weight loss, behavioral problems, and food disorders are common in patientswith Alzheimer disease. Recently, White et al. [1] found that weight loss waspresent in 36% of Alzheimer disease patients compared with 18% in controls.

Mini Nutritional Assessment and Cancer

Author(s): G.B. Zulian, G. Golda, F. Herrmanna, J-P. Michel

Malignant diseases are among the leading causes of premature death in Westerncountries, and this is also becoming a tragic reality in other parts of the world[1].

Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (Cga) and the Mna: An Overview of Cga, Nutritional Assessment, and Development of a Shortened Version of the Mna

Author(s): L.Z. Rubenstein, J. Harker, Y.Guigoz, B. Vellas

Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) is a multidimensional interdisciplinarydiagnostic process intended to determine a frail elderly person’s functionalcapabilities and medical and psychosocial problems, in order to develop anoverall plan for treatment and long-term follow-up.

The Mini Nutritional Assessment for Preoperative Nutritional Evaluation: A Study on 419 Elderly Surgical Patients

Author(s): R. Cohendy

Aging and malnutrition are both well-known surgical risk factors. With regardto age, several clinical studies have shown increased postoperative morbidity andmortality in patients over 60 or 65 years [1–4].

The Mini Nutritional Assessment in Clinical Practice

Author(s): A. Salva , M.J. Bleda, I. Bolibar

The prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is very high among theelderly hospital inpatient population and among elderly people living in nursinghomes.

Mna and Nutritional Intervention

Author(s): F. Arnaud-Battandier, S. Lauque, M. Paintin, R. Mansourian, B. Vellas, Y. Guigoz

Poor nutritional status in the elderly population is now well documented. Malnutritionaffects around 20–75% of elderly patients in the hospital [1], 10–60% innursing homes [2, 3] and 1–9% at home [4].

Mna and Cost of Care

Author(s): P. Quadri, C. Fragiacomo, W. Pertoldi, Y. Guigoz, F. Herrmann, C.H. Rapin

Protein-energy malnutrition in elderly people living at home is observed in5–8% of the population, whereas in subjects staying in hospitals or in other institutions,the rate varies between 30% and 60% [1–10].

Animal Model: Metabolic and Thermic Responses to Diet and Environment (4°C) in Obesity during Aging in the La/Ntul//-Cp Rat

Author(s): O.L. Tulp , S,P. DeBolt

The aging represent the single most rapidly increasing segment of the populationof Westernized countries and throughout much of the world [1, 2]. In theUSA, obesity is the major nutritionally related health complication of adults andolder Americans, where it has been variously reported to affect up to one in threeor more of that population [3–5].

Posters

Author(s): M. Molaschi, M. Massaia, A. Pallavicino di Ceva, F. Nicoletti, E. Ferrario, M. Ponzetto, G. Cappa

Our aim in this study was to evaluate the MNA in a population of institutionalizedelderly people, and its correlation with functional and nutritional variables.

Discussions of Poster Presentations

Author(s): B. Vellas, P.J. Garry, Y. Guigoz

Dr. Vellas: Is it a physician or a nurse who does the MNA in the nursing home?Dr. Cappa: The physician does it.Dr. Chumlea: You had 24 men. There can be sometime a sex and age interaction, particularlyin men. Were the men more severely affected or was there no sex difference in theanalysis?