Nutrition Publication

NNIW04 - Iron Nutrition in Infancy & Childhood

Editor(s): A. Stekel. vol. 04

Related Articles

Iron Requirements in Infancy and Childhood

Author(s): A. Stekel

A critical characteristic of iron nutrition in infancy, as compared to adults, isthe greater dependency of the infant on external sources of iron for daily red cellproduction. Dallman et al. (1) have calculated that in a 1-year-old, 10-kg infant,dietary iron must provide 30% of the needs for hemoglobin iron turnover ascompared to only 5% in the adult male (Table 1).

Laboratory Diagnosis of Iron Deficiency

Author(s): P.R. Dallman, J.D. Reeves

Until about 20 years ago, the diagnosis of iron deficiency was justifiably considereda simple matter. The focus of attention was then on hospitalized patientswith a severe or moderate degree of anemia.

Functional Implications of Iron Deficiency

Author(s): D. Vyas, R.K. Chandra

Iron undernutrition is the most common single nutrient deficiency worldwide.Iron deficiency has often been presumed to have few deleterious effects unlesssevere enough to compromise cardiovascular function.

Prevalence of Nutritional Anemia in Infancy and Childhood with Emphasis on Developing Countries

Author(s): R.F. Florentine, R.M. Guirriec

Even a rapid review of the literature reveals that millions of people around theworld, especially in developing countries, suffer from nutritional anemia despiteadvances in detection as well as in methods of prevention and treatment.

Iron Nutrition in Low-Birth-Weight Infants

Author(s): M.A. Siimes

Since the early 1920s pediatric textbooks have recognized that infants oftenbecome anemic a few months after a preterm birth. However, except for its greaterseverity, the anemia does not differ in any way from that of full-term infants.

Iron and Breast Milk

Author(s): B. Lonnerdal

The iron content of breast milk is often characterized as low. In fact, the amountof iron provided by breast milk appears to be adequate to prevent iron deficiencyanemia for at least the first 6 months of life.

Availability of Iron from Infant Foods

Author(s): J.D. Cook, T.H. Bothwell

The full-term infant receives a generous and relatively fixed iron supply fromthe mother. As a result, iron absorption in the early postnatal period is lower thanat any later time in childhood;

Bioavailability of Different Iron Compounds Used to Fortify Formulas and Cereals: Technological Problems

Author(s): R.F. Hurrell

Bioavailability of a single iron source is difficult to predict. It can vary considerablydue to the enhancing or inhibitory effects of other food components on ironabsorption and, especially for the less-available sources, it is strongly influencedby the physical characteristics of the iron compound itself.

Prevention of Iron Deficiency

Author(s): A. Stekel

Infants and children need to absorb about 1 mg of iron per day. This is adisproportionate requirement, compared to adults, that derives from growth. Childrenconsume less food than adults and their diet often consists of foods with littleiron content and poor iron availability.